Is the TV on loudly? It’s also very important to make sure you aren’t doing the same things! Occupational therapists can help people who have sustained a TBI. You can add pictures of family members with their names written down, important phone numbers, addresses and dates. Passive exercise is another intervention therapists will often use to help a person … The purpose of this post is to cover basic information and helpful cognitive intervention ideas so that you can be prepared and equipped to provide the best care for your patient. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants are trained in helping adults and children with a broad range of issues in addition to traumatic brain injury, such as arthritis, stroke, and mood disorders. People with TBI may experience short-term memory loss, have difficulty concentrating or paying attention, become easily disoriented, have impaired judgment, experience headaches or migraines, have slurred speech, experience seizures, become fatigued, depressed, or easily agitated, or experience increased anxiety and impulsive behaviors. Provide long-term support to a family member with a TBI. Nutrients (e.g., vitamins, food types) 5. The Research Collaboration’s work is already showing the difference interventions can make. If you are in an inpatient setting, you can recommend outpatient neuro rehab or community-based rehab for your patient to continue to work to regain the skills needed to thrive post-hospital discharge. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results from trauma that involves any part of the brain and outwardly may affect ambulation, cognition, communication, swallowing, and performance of daily skills. About 150 Americans die from TBI-related injuries each day. Follow these tips to reduce the risk of brain injury: 1. Are several family members talking to the patient at once? For a great source on community reintegration, check out this easy to follow Community Reintegration Fact Sheet from AOTA. People or provider (e.g., nosocomial agents, staffing patterns, cognitive, affective and p… Your patient may also demonstrate physical limitations, so remember to keep that in mind and incorporate interventions targeting those limitations as well. Even mild TBIs can have lifelong … Don't drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs, including prescription medications that can impair the ability to drive. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an impact to the head from direct blows or sudden movements in other parts of the body, such as severe shaking. Regardless of the severity of the injury and length of rehabilitation services, advance communication and coordination between the hospital, therapists, family, and the school system is a critical first step in student’s returning to school. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be devastating, with death the worst-case scenario. This is where we as occupational therapists come in to help our patients with traumatic or acquired brain injuries live their most productive lives as independently and safely as possible. This of course varies for each person. Chemical (e.g., pollutants, poisons, drugs, pharmaceutical agents, alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, preservatives, cosmetics, and dyes) 3. A small child should always sit in the back seat of a car secured in a child safety seat or booster seat that is appropriate for his or her size and weight. The changes to the brain after TBI can affect people’s ability to do daily activities (occupations). Help the person adapt his or her home to accommodate the effects of a TBI. A traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, is an injury to the brain caused by an external force. Those who survive traumatic brain injury may experience anxiety, agitation, memory impairments, and behavioral changes. Get targeted resources quickly! Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Passive Exercise. Motor vehicle accidents are the most common etiology of injury. Abstract Background and purpose: Although most patients recover from a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) within 7-14 days, 10-30% of people will experience prolonged mTBI symptoms. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. As a therapist, you want to be aware that your patient could be agitated and combative, depending on their Ranchos Los Amigos level. Whether your patient is or is not agitated, they all will benefit from low stimulation environments while their brain is healing. You want to help the patient both physically and cognitively. “…an occurrence that happens when the person’s head is severely hit or shaken, or when an object goes into the brain, and can range from mild to severe.” AOTA’s TBI Fact Sheet, 2016. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Basic ADLs, that is. Please note that these interventions will also work for patients affected by an acute stroke or other new injury affecting their cognition.