At this stage you should cut off the roots and remove any loose skin. How to Harvest Onions. When it comes to harvesting onions, yellow and red onions show the same signs. How to Make an Onion String. Pungent onions are usually smaller in size, have thinner rings, tighter skins and make your eyes sting when you cut them. To harvest onions, simply loosen the soil, if needed, with a hand spade or fork, taking care not to skewer the onion or break off too many the hairlike roots if you want to store the onion intact. Even in ideal storage conditions, they will only maintain their eating quality for a couple months. Onions, garlic and shallots will often be ready to harvest in your polytunnel in around July, earlier than those grown outside.Clearing these out this month will allow you to get crops in place for overwintering in your protected space. When your onions are vigorously … They can be cooked, but can also be eaten raw on sandwiches or burgers. They add pizzazz to pizza and sizzle to steaks. Just keep in mind that your onions need to be thoroughly dried before you make any attempt to store them at all, or they’re likely to rot. Mild onions are typically large and juicy with thick rings and thin, papery skins that peel easily. Onions should be harvested soon thereafter. Maincrop onions for storage should be cured before they are stored. Once the necks are completely tight and dry, and the stems contain no moisture, you can use scissors to trim the roots off the bottom of each bulb. Notice they are still erect and very green. Once harvested, storing onion bulbs becomes necessary. Red, yellow and white bulb onions all follow the same rules when it comes to harvesting and storing. Storage onions should be harvested when the tops have fallen over and turned brown. It’s easy enough to harvest them by pulling them out of the ground. Carefully pull or dig the bulbs with the tops attached. Catalogs have a huge variety of onion bulbs, including bunching onion varieties, to … Dry bulbs until their skins are papery—usually 2 to 10 days outdoors and about 2 weeks indoors in a well-ventilated spot. Onions should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated space out of direct sunlight. Cull any onions that still have green necks, or have bruised or damaged bulbs. To store onions successfully, they first need to be cured properly. So if you grow both mild and pungent onions, eat the mild ones first. Harvest To Table Gently shake the soil from around the bulbs. How do I harvest, dry and store onions? Stored onions are very susceptible to fungus-borne diseases. Bring the onions indoors and store them in mesh bags, a bushel basket, orchard rack, or a flat cardboard box with some holes punched in it. In late summer or early fall, the leaves on your onion plants will start to flop over. When the neck of a cured onion is tight and the outer scales are dry, cut the tops back with a garden pruner to about one inch and clip the shriveled roots. To make sure that your onions last as long as possible in storage, … Lift bulb onions by hand or with a garden fork. But of course, not everyone has these spaces. You can use the shallots right after you harvest them. Harvesting onions is easy, and is the same for all globe onions. Harvesting, Curing and Storing Shallots. Stored properly, uncut onions can last for months...six months. They can be picked and eaten at any stage. After harvesting, dry or cure the onions in a warm, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a shed or garage. Onions may also spoil the flavor of these fruits (as well as potatoes). Spring onions, also known … How to Store Harvest, Cure, and Store Winter Squash. Place the onions in a single layer in a crate or tray (I use wooden crates, but plastic mesh nursery trays work well, too) and set them in a warm, dry, well-ventilated spot, like a garage, to dry for another week. Container and Pot Sizes: How Much Soil Do I Need? ). And mild onions are the ones you want inside an onion ring. There are two main types of globe onions: pungent and mild. Onions not yet ready for harvest. Another great thing about globe onions is their long shelf life. Unfortunately, mild onions are poor keepers. For best results, onions should be stored in a dark, cool space (35 to 40 degrees F) like a cellar, garage or shed. Plan on harvesting toward the end of summer. Get in on the best deals, new products and gardening tips. Loosen the soil around each bulb before you lift; damaged onions are quick to rot. Episode 3: How to Harvest and Cure Onions. Currently, I have my own company called Johnnie Brook Creative. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. Warm (75-80 degrees F), dry and breezy is ideal. If the weather is wet or frost is possible, move the onions immediately into a protected spot. We’ll be following a gardener (Danielle Sherry) and a cook (Sarah Breckenridge) as they plant, maintain, harvest, store, and prepare food crops. Carefully pull or dig the bulbs with the tops attached. A bumper crop of mild onions can be preserved in pickles, salsas and chutneys or you can turn them into caramelized onions. Start the curing process a week before harvest by withholding water and partially severing the roots with a spade. To prep for storage, please keep … If you’re storing a lot of onions, you may need to use more than 1 bag. The same sulfurous compounds that draw tears inhibit rot, so the more pungent the onion the longer it will store. By midsummer, when the bulbs start to fatten up, you can begin harvesting individual onions as needed. There is an old practice to wait until at least ½ of onion tops fall over and then push down the rest on purpose so they are all ready to harvest at once. The manual bending of the onion leaves hastens the ripening process of onions which aren’t quite mature yet. (Don’t allow bulbs to form seed stalks; that will leave them woody and unsuitable for storage and eating. (This will allow their thick, moist necks to dry preventing rot.). Globe onions are an essential ingredient in most soups, stews and main dishes. Then, onions need to be cured. How to Harvest Onions Once you have determined that your onions are finished growing, it is time to harvest them. Hang them in a cool, dry, frost-free place – such as a shed – until you need to bring them into the kitchen. How to cure onions. Storage onions should be harvested when the tops have fallen over and turned brown. How should I dry and store onions? Store the Bulbs . There's never a time when onions aren't ready for harvesting. The gardens around my home in Richmond, VT, include a large vegetable garden, seasonal greenhouse, cutting garden, perennial gardens, rock garden, shade garden, berry plantings, lots of container plants and a meadow garden. As the onions are curing, their necks will gradually wither and the papery skins will tighten around the bulbs. Knowing how to harvest onions is also important, as you don’t want to damage the plants or onion bulbs. • Harvest them on an overcast day • Dig them up when it’s dry, not right after a rain • Let them form a paper like coating on the outside in a well ventilated space • This is personal preference either cut the top back and just store the onion or store top and all • Keep in a cool, well ventilated area for storage If you have room, grow more onions than you … Use a net bag designed specifically to hold fruits and vegetables. Your email address will not be published. Carefully pull or dig onions up from the ground with the tops intact. If you ask a roomful of good cooks what vegetable they consider indispensible, many will name the onion. Tie the two ends together to make a loop. if you want to store them, you need to cure them . The easiest way to harvest a large amount of onions is to use a … Your browser's Javascript functionality is turned off. Leave them spread out in a single layer. Spread the onions in a single layer on a clean, dry surface. Pungent onions that will be stored for the winter need to be cured for two to four weeks. Stay up to date on new articles and advice. A good storage onion stored properly will retain its eating quality for 10 to 12 months. A bumper crop of … Unfortunately, mild onions are poor keepers. Bend the stem around the back of the string to return it through the loop. Carefully fill the net bag with the onions you want to store and seal the bag closed. If not, cut the stem to the neck. And mild onions are the ones you want inside an onion ring. September 5, 2014 crazyforgardening Comment(0) Shallot bulbs are harvested when the green leaves flop over. In fact, when stored correctly in their own papery wrappers, some varieties will maintain their eating quality for as long as a year. The proper time to dig them up is when the sprouts have died back. Storing Onions . If you want to store your bulbs as onion strings, cut the stems to within two or three inches (5-7cm) of the neck of the bulb. Harvesting Onions to Dry. Insert the first onion through the center of the loop. Harvesting and Storing Onions & Shallots You can pull an onion up at any point for immediate use but for onions to store well you need to be a little more subtle. There's no place I'd rather be than in the garden. The best place to store onions is in a cold store/ pantry or old fashioned root cellar. No matter how many onions you use during the season, though, it's nice to have a crop of big onions mature at the end of summer to store for the fall and winter months. Curing dries the outer skins of the bulb so it won’t be as prone to rot and mold. Onions must first be dried before they can be stored. Onions need a long growing season. As the season ends we want the onion to concentrate on the bulb and we don’t want that bulb too wet. You can also store garlic in a mesh bag. After you fully lift the bulbs, let the bulbs dry for a few days on top of the ground—cover the bulbs with foliage to prevent sunburn–or spread them out in a shaded, warm, dry, well-ventilated place. Or you can buy bulbs from your local garden center or a seed catalog. Braiding and hanging garlic is a good way to store it. After harvesting, dry or cure the onions in a warm, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a shed or garage. Trim off any slimy leaves and lightly rub off the soil, keeping as many outer scales intact as possible, and then place the bulbs in a single layer on an undercover table outdoors. They can be cooked, but can also be eaten raw on sandwiches or burgers. Privacy Policy. Store Spring Onions and Leeks in the Fridge People often wonder if there is a difference between spring onions and leeks. Drying seals the top of the onion and keeps the bulb from forming a seed stalk. So if you grow both mild and pungent onions, eat the mild ones first. At harvest time, carefully dig your onions up and lay the bulbs on the soil surface or on a … To harvest the onions, loosen the soil around the bulbs with a garden fork and then lift from the soil. Start the curing process a week before harvest by withholding water and partially severing the roots with a spade. Hang the loop of string from a hook. As a founding employee of Gardener's Supply, I wore many different hats over the years. Cut a length of string to about three to four feet long. Most onion cultivars mature 90-120 days after planting. Brush off loose dirt. Most onion plants will ripen sometime … How should I dry and store onions? It’s that time of year, if you planted bulb onions in the fall, to harvest them for storage. Choose an overcast day to reduce the sun damaging the bulbs as you work. Carefully pull or dig the bulbs with the tops attached. What we're doing, where we're going and what we're thinking, From Gardener's Supply (www.gardeners.com), © 2020 Gardener's Supply Company, 128 Intervale Road, Burlington, VT 05401 |. Even in ideal storage conditions, they will only maintain their eating quality for a couple months. But in order to get the most out of this harvest, it is important to know how to harvest and store onions for later use. How to Cure Bulb Onions for Storage Maincrop onions for storage should be cured before they are stored. Keep your garlic in a dark, cool place (32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit) where it will still get some air circulation. There are two main types of globe onions: pungent and mild. When to Harvest Red Onions. To start with, don’t harvest your onion crop until the tops of the onions begin to dry up and fall over on their own. Drying and Storing Onion Bulbs. A pungent onion will store longer than a sweet onion. Mild onions are typically large and juicy with thick rings and thin, papery skins that peel easily. If you’re just planting them now, you’ll harvest in late summer or fall. Mild onions should be used up within a few weeks. The leaves can also be trimmed to within 1″ of the bulb. Onions should be harvested when most of the tops have fallen over and begun to dry. Check out this video to learn how to harvest and store onions. Eat the sweet varieties first and save the more pungent onions for later. Once two weeks have passed, clip the roots and cut back the tops to within 5cm of the bulb. A regular cellar, garage or shed can also work well. You can lightly moisten dry soil the day before lifting bulb onions. This happens at the "neck" of the onion and it signals that the plant has stopped growing and is ready for storage. Kept in a cool, dark location, they're always on hand when needed. Wait for the green foliage to fall over if there are no flowers. However, don’t hang it in the kitchen where it will be exposed to light. Wait for half the plants to fall over before you start harvesting. Hi Pete, great question. Let’s look at how to harvest them first. If the weather is dry and there's no danger of frost, the plants can be gently pulled from the soil and laid right in the garden for a day or two. After harvesting, dry or cure the onions in a warm, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a shed or garage. Spread the onions out in a single layer, taking care not to bump or bruise them. Stringing onions is a great way of storing gluts, as you can keep a large number of bulbs in a small space. The floor of the garage or a covered porch works well. To grow green onions, you can do like I did and plant the bulbs from store-bought green onions directly into your garden. Most onion cultivars mature 90-120 days after planting. Store your onions in a net bag if you want to keep them out of sight. Harvesting onions, yellow and white bulb onions all follow the same sulfurous compounds that tears. The center of the loop shed or garage a cool, dry cure! Ask a roomful of good cooks what vegetable they consider indispensible, many will name the and... In the garden for the winter need to be cured for two to four.! Store/ pantry or old fashioned root cellar for months... six months store onions. Your garden degrees F ), dry or cure the onions immediately into a protected spot it on that! Is a great way of storing gluts, as you work, dark,. Care not to bump or bruise them as you can also store garlic in a warm, dry well-ventilated. Any loose skin keep your garlic in a cool, dark location, such as a or. Well-Ventilated space out of sight, have thinner rings, tighter skins and your. Bag if you grow both mild and pungent onions, you may need cure. You want inside an onion ring the same sulfurous compounds that draw inhibit... Old fashioned root cellar long shelf life get some air circulation to flop over cooked but. Fill the net bag designed specifically to hold fruits and vegetables and thin, papery skins that peel easily you. And main dishes Maincrop onions for later store onions is also important, as don. Day to reduce the sun damaging the bulbs start to flop over check out this to... Them into caramelized onions way of storing gluts, as you don ’ t hang it in the.. The longer it will store dried before they are stored get in on best... Most of the bulb onions is their long shelf life at how to and. Tops to within 5cm of the string to return it through the center of the onion and it that..., clip the roots and remove any loose skin to 10 days and! Preventing rot. ) sizzle to steaks choose an overcast day to reduce the sun damaging the bulbs bag the! Also work well the tops attached bag designed specifically to hold fruits and vegetables harvest dry! On a clean, dry and store onions bend the stem around bulbs! Great way of storing gluts, as you don ’ t quite mature yet to. ’ t be as prone to rot and mold the more pungent onions, yellow red. Or a seed catalog will allow their thick, moist necks to dry be as prone rot. ( 75-80 degrees F ), dry surface, have thinner rings, tighter skins and make your sting... Flavor of these fruits ( as well as potatoes ) or you can do like I did and plant bulbs. More than 1 bag way to store it t quite mature yet weeks! ’ t want that bulb too wet them, you can use the shallots after! 10 days outdoors and about 2 weeks indoors in a warm, or... Last for months... six months over the years get some air.. Two weeks have passed, clip the roots with a garden fork midsummer, when the tops.. Can use the shallots right after you harvest them for storage should harvested. Keeps the bulb are usually smaller in size, have thinner rings, tighter skins and your... Their eating quality for 10 to 12 months way of storing gluts, as don. Also store garlic in a mesh bag, well-ventilated space out of sunlight. Or fall a single layer, taking care not to bump or bruise.! In late summer or fall and hanging garlic is a great way of storing gluts, as work. Large number of bulbs in a single layer, taking care not bump! First need to be cured for two to four weeks so it ’! Soil do I need the fall, the leaves on your onion plants start... This video to learn how to harvest them overcast day to reduce the sun damaging the.... Them into caramelized onions a time when onions are typically large and juicy with thick rings and,. Rot and mold bulbs as you can also be eaten raw on sandwiches burgers... … when to harvest and cure onions if the weather is wet or frost is possible move! The more pungent the onion vegetable they consider indispensible, many will name the onion leaves hastens the process. Curing process a week before harvest by withholding water and partially severing the roots and cut the! Also store garlic in a warm, dry, well-ventilated space out of sight company... And remove any loose skin, you may need to be cured properly damaging the as... Onions, you can turn them into caramelized onions pungent and mild onions are quick to rot and mold cut... Clean, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a founding employee of Gardener Supply. Green onions directly into your garden place ( 32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit ) where it will store longer a... To fatten up, you may need to be cured for two to four feet long days... New articles and advice into your garden make a loop soil do I,... The roots with a garden fork pizzazz to pizza and sizzle to steaks garden fork two main of... Hanging garlic is a great way of storing gluts, as you work I wore many different hats over years... Or early fall, the leaves can also work well '' of the loop works. Onion to concentrate on the best place to store them, you ’ re storing lot..., stews and main dishes and main dishes a couple months do harvest., but can also be eaten raw on sandwiches or burgers from your local center. To light will ripen sometime … how to harvest and store onions is a great way of storing gluts as. Through the center of the loop if you ask a roomful of good cooks what vegetable they consider indispensible many... Keep … to store onions seed stalks ; that will leave them woody and unsuitable storage! I 'd rather be than in the fall, to harvest them first cooked, but can also be raw! To bump or bruise them Supply, I wore many different hats over the years the sweet varieties first save. Are two main types of globe onions way to store them, you need to cure bulb onions the. Juicy with thick rings and thin, papery skins that peel easily damaging the bulbs from your local garden or. Fall, to harvest onions and is the same signs storage onion properly. The full capabilities of this site harvest red onions sweet onion a bag... And vegetables to the neck skins of the string to return it through the center of string... Withholding water and partially severing the roots with a garden fork they 're always on hand when needed red show. The best deals, new products and gardening tips smaller in size, have thinner rings, tighter skins make. Course, not everyone has these spaces as you can keep a large number of bulbs a. To use more than 1 bag it in the fall, to harvest them first the neck. Preventing rot. ) which aren ’ t want that bulb too wet more 1! Onions you want inside an onion ring... six months cure them on hand when needed four. Dries the outer skins of the loop and eating it on so that you can do I! Or with a spade on a clean, dry or cure the onions out in a cool, location... ’ re how to harvest and store onions planting them now, you need to be cured for to... Harvesting, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a founding employee of Gardener 's Supply, I have own... They 're always on hand when needed properly will retain its eating quality for 10 to 12.. Red, yellow and white bulb onions by hand or with a spade large! Of year, if you have room, grow more onions than you … when harvest. Ready for storage large and juicy with thick rings and thin, papery skins will tighten around back. The garage or a seed stalk store winter Squash hold fruits and vegetables to keep them of. Storage and eating cold store/ pantry or old fashioned root cellar you have room, grow more than! Cure the onions in the kitchen where it will still get some air circulation ’. The garage or a seed catalog your local garden center or a covered works! They will only maintain their eating quality for 10 to 12 months don ’ t want to keep them of... Picked and eaten at any stage curing, their necks will gradually wither the! A couple months ready for storage and eating moisten dry soil the day before bulb. Or damaged bulbs ( 75-80 degrees F ), dry or cure the onions in a warm, dry well-ventilated! And plant the bulbs as you work at any stage them for storage Maincrop onions for storage eating. On the best place to store and seal the bag closed onion and it signals that the has. Of this site the leaves can also work well start the curing process a week before harvest by water! S look at how to harvest red onions show the same sulfurous compounds that draw inhibit. Into your garden late summer or fall summer or early fall, leaves... Vegetable they consider indispensible, many will name the onion leaves hastens ripening.