Among the many varieties of trees and plants found are the date palm, mimosa, wild olive, giant sycamores, junipers and laurels, the myrrh and other gum trees (gnarled and stunted, these flourish most on the eastern foothills), a magnificent pine (the Natal yellow pine, which resists the attacks of the white ant), the fig, orange, lime, pomegranate, peach, apricot, banana, and other fruit trees; the grape vine (rare), blackberry, and raspberry; the cotton and indigo plants, and occasionally the sugar cane. 7) Ethiopian Geography Pdf - Joomlaxe.com Page 4/8. A season of light rain may be sufficient for the needs of Ethiopia, but there is little surplus water to find its way to the Nile; and a shortness of rain means a low Nile, as practically all the flood water of that river is derived from the Ethiopian tributaries. 5. All these are perennial rivers. Above the plateau rise several irregular and generally ill-defined mountain ranges which attain altitudes of from 3,700 m (12,139 ft) to just under 4,600 m (15,092 ft). [2] Questions remain about the precise location of small parcels along the border with Sudan as well. Ethiopia has a high central plateau that varies from 1,290 to 3,000 m (4,232 to 9,843 ft) above sea level, with the highest mountain reaching 4,533 m (14,872 ft). /AIS false >> Ethiopian Students and Teachers may download this Grade 11 Geography textbook which is provide by the Ethiopia Ministry of … Snakes are not numerous, but several species are venomous. Among the birds prized for their plumage are the marabout, crane, heron, blacks bird, parrot and jays of extraordinary brilliance. In the mountains and plateaus of Gambela and Kaffa in southwestern Ethiopia rise the Baro, Gelo, Akobo and other chief affluents of the Sobat tributary of the Nile. The weather is usually sunny and dry, but the short (belg) rains occur from February to April and the large (meher) rains from mid-June to mid-September. In addition to the domestic animals enumerated below the fauna is very varied. Narrow and deep clefts, through which descend mountain torrents that lose themselves in the sandy soil of the Eritrean coast, afford means of reaching the plateau, or the easier route through the Awash Valley may be chosen. They range from the tropical lowlands to heights of 3,000 m (9,843 ft). Taschenbuch. The physical aspect of the highlands is impressive. There are numerous hot springs in Ethiopia, such as Sodere. A number of rivers cross the plateau; notably the Blue Nile rising from Lake Tana. The northern portion lies mainly between 10° and 15° N. It consists of a huge mass of Archaean rocks with a mean height of 2,000 to 2,200 m (6,562 to 7,218 ft) above sea level, and is flooded in a deep central depression by the waters of Lake Tana. The right-hand tributaries, rising mostly on the western sides of the plateau, have steep slopes and are generally torrential in character. Download geography pdf for ethiopia grade 10 document. Around Chelga and Adigrat coal-bearing beds occur, which Blanford suggests may be of the same age as the coal-bearing strata of India. OYOUVBZLCR // Geography of Ethiopia \ Kindle Related eBooks DK Readers Day at Greenhill Farm Level 1 Beginning to Read DK CHILDREN. Its easternmost locality lies along the eastern border of Dollo Zone opposite Puntland and Galmudug states. Of still more recent date are the basalts and ashes west of Massawa and around Annesley Bay and known as the Aden Volcanic Series. The western wall of the plateau from 6° N to 11° N is well marked and precipitous. There are in the south large forests of valuable timber trees; and the coffee plant is indigenous in the Kaffa country, whence it takes its name. Situated in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the east and Djibouti to the northeast. /Type /ExtGState It has a mean height of 2,100 to 2,400 m (6,890 to 7,874 ft), and in many places rises almost perpendicularly from the plain. /Title (�� D o w n l o a d P D F � G e o g r a p h y o f E t h i o p i a # Z 5 G R 2 N M 3 1 S A J) in the tremendous crevasse through which it sweeps west, north, forming part of the border with Eritrea, and west again down to the western terraces, where it passes from Ethiopia to Sudan. On the higher mountains the climate is alpine in character. The regional states are Afar, Amara (Amhara), Binshangul Gumuz, Gambela Hizboch (Gambela Peoples), Hareri Hizb (Harari People), Oromiya (Oromia), Sumale (Somali), Tigray, and Ye Debub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples). One result of the action of the water has been the formation of numerous isolated flat-topped hills or small plateaus, known as ambas, with nearly perpendicular sides. It is followed by a dry hot period, which about the middle of June gives place to the rainy season. Large areas are covered by the kosso, a hardy member of the rose family, which grows from 2.5 to 3 m (8.2 to 9.8 ft) high and has abundant pendent red blossoms. Hornblende schists also occur and a compact feldspathic rock in the Suris defile. Between Lake Tana and the eastern hills are Mounts Guna, 4,210 m (13,812 ft), and Uara Sahia, 3,960 m (12,992 ft). The Mareb is dry for a great part of the year, but like the Takazze is subject to sudden freshets during the rainy season. ; The lowest point in Ethiopia is the Danakil Depression which is 125 m/ 410 ft below sea level. Of these, the Bashilo rises near Magdala and drains eastern Amhara; the Jamma rises near Ankober and drains northern Shoa; the Muger rises near Addis Ababa and drains south-western Shoa; the Didessa, the largest of the Abay's affluents, rises in the Kaffa hills and has a generally south-to-north course; the Dabus runs near the western edge of the plateau escarpment. The country lies wholly within the tropics, but its nearness to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of the land. It's a place of contrasts where the rural and the urban come together to create a delightfully eclectic mix of mud huts, glitzy hotels, colorful markets and late night jazz parties. [/Pattern /DeviceRGB] Ethiopian Geography Grade 9 Textbooks READ ETHIOPIAN GRADE 9 MATHEMATICS TEXT PDF silooo com. With regard to the older igneous rocks, the enormous amount they have suffered from denudation is a prominent feature. At the southeast corner the rim of the crater is, as it were, breached by a deep crevasse through which the Abay escapes, and here makes a great semicircular bend like that of the Tekezé, but in the reverse direction – east, south and north-west – down to the plains of Sennar, where it takes the name of Bahr-el-Azrak or Blue Nile. Lions abound in the low countries and in Somaliland. The lower (Ashangi group) consists of basalts and dolerites often amygdaloidal. Download all Ethiopia Grade 12 Text Books for Teachers and Students here which is provide by the Ethiopia Ministry of Education and published and printed by reputed company. The Somali Region and the Danakil Depression in the Afar Region have a hot, sunny and dry climate producing fully desert or semi-desert conditions. The Baro on reaching the plain becomes, however, a navigable stream affording an open waterway to the Nile. The country covers approximately 1,221,900 square kilometers and shares frontiers with Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, and Djibouti. On this page you can read or download ethiopian geography pdf in PDF format. /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB Of more recent date (probably Tertiary) are some igneous rocks, rich in alkalis, occurring in certain localities in southern Ethiopia. Triassic.– In the region of Adigrat the metamorphic rocks are invariably overlain by white and brown sandstones, unfossiliferous, and attaining a maximum thickness of 300 m. They are overlain by the fossiliferous limestones of the Antalo group. In the former provinces of Gojjam and Welega, heavy rains continue till the middle of September. In order to reduce traveling distance, homesteads are generally scattered to be near farm plots. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. [2] The central section of Ethiopia's border with Somalia also has never been fully demarcated, and is only provisional. [2], Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Ethiopia&oldid=984044284, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 20:38. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa. Download all Ethiopia Grade 11 Text Books for Teachers and Students here which is provide by the Ethiopia Ministry of Education and published and printed by reputed company. 7 0 obj Geography Grade 9 Ethiopia Pdf - Joomlaxe.com Download all Ethiopia Grade 9, 10, 11, and 12 Text Books for Teachers and Students here which is provide by the Ethiopia Ministry of Education and published and printed by reputed company. Squirrels and hares are numerous, as are several kinds of monkeys, notably the guereza, gelada, guenon and dog-faced baboon. Grade 11 Geography TextBook. North of 11° N the hills turn more to the east and fall more gradually to the East Sudanian savanna plains at their base. Leopards, both spotted and black, are numerous and often of great size; hyenas are found everywhere and are hardy and fierce; the lynx, wolf, wild dog and jackal are also common. Ethiopia - Geography. The fruit of the hurarina, a tree found almost exclusively in Shoa, yields a black grain highly esteemed as a spice. Our online web service was introduced using a wish to serve as a In this chain of scenic upland lakes – some fresh, some brackish, some completely closed, others connected by short channels – the chief links in their order from north to south are: Zway, communicating southwards with Hara and Lamina, all in the Arsi Zone; then Abijatta with an outlet to a smaller turn to the Baroda and Gamo areas, skirted on the west sides by grassy slopes and wooded ranges from 2,000 m (6,562 ft) to nearly 3,000 m (9,843 ft) high; lastly, Lake Chew Bahir (formerly known as Lake Stephanie) which is completely closed and falling to a level of about 550 m (1,804 ft) above sea level. Ethiopia - Ethiopia - Settlement patterns: With only about one-fifth of the population urbanized, most Ethiopians live in scattered rural communities. harmonized geography curriculum for the geography departments at 30 different Ethiopian universities. If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓ . It consists of rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus, deep gorges and river valleys. The plateau gradually slopes to the lowlands of the Sudan on the west and the Somali-inhabited plains to the east. Ethiopia Text Books PDF Download:Ethiopia Ministry of Education (MOE) provides textbooks for all grade class in Ethiopia.Students and Teachers can download Ethiopia Text Books in PDF. beauty of their plumage. The chief rivers of Somalia, the Shebelle and the Jubba, rise on the southeastern slopes of the Ethiopian escarpment as the Shebelle, the Ganale Doria and the Dawa, and part of their course is through territory belonging to Ethiopia. The capital is Addis Ababa (‘New Flower’), located almost at the center of the country. Ethiopia's highest point is Mount Ras Dashen, with 4 533 m or 14 872 ft. Mount Dashen is also one of the highest mountains in Africa. Many kinds of grasses and flowers abound. Answer: There is approx 200 Pages in GC Leong of latest edition . East of the highlands towards the Red Sea there is a strip of lowland semi-desert, the Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands. On this page you can read or download pdf ethiopia geography grade 11 in PDF format. The main range at this point trends southwest, while south of the Awash Valley, which is some 1,000 m (3,281 ft) below the level of the mountains, another massif rises in a direct line south. It reaches the Afar Depression through a broad breach in the eastern escarpment of the plateau, beyond which it is joined on its left bank by its chief affluent, the Germama (Kasam), and then trends round in the direction of the Gulf of Tadjoura. Here the Awash is a copious stream nearly 60 m (197 ft) wide and 1.2 m (3.94 ft) deep, even in the dry season, and during the floods rising 15 to 20 m (49 to 66 ft) above low-water mark, thus inundating the plains for many kilometers along both its banks. Igneous Rocks.– Above a height of 2,400 m (7,900 ft) the country consists of bedded traps belonging to two distinct and unconformable groups. On nearly every side, the walls of the plateaus rise abruptly from the plains, constituting outer mountain chains. 1 0 obj But the rainy season proper, caused by the southwest monsoon, lasts from June to mid-September, and commencing in the north moves southward. After a winding course of about 800 km (497 mi), the Awash River passes (in its lower reaches) through a series of badds (lagoons) to Lake Abhe Bad (or Abhe Bid) on the border with Djibouti and some 100 to 110 km (62 to 68 mi) from the head of the Gulf of Tadjoura. Physical Geography Ethiopia, also known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is a country found in East Africa. /Width 300 The Baro, Pibor and Akobo form for 400 km (249 mi) the western and southwestern frontiers of Ethiopia. These conditions are particularly characteristic of the northern regions; in the south the vegetation on the uplands is more luxuriant. Only the left bank of the upper course of the river is in Ethiopian territory. A fine variety of ostrich is commonly found. The following formations are represented: Archaean.– The metamorphic rocks compose the main mass of the tableland, and are exposed in every deep valley in Tigre and along the valley of the Blue Nile. If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓ . In the Choqa Mountains of Misraq Gojjam, Mount Choqa (also known as Mount Birhan) attains a height of 4,154 m (13,629 ft). [2] Between 1998 and 2000, the two countries fought a war over the issue, which involves quite small enclaves along the northern segment of their border, including the tiny village of Badme and the enclave of the Irob people. The highest peaks are found in the Semien and Bale ranges. More detail is shown at the bottom. The government aimed to provide each pupil with a textbook but the reality was a severe shortage of textbooks and other teaching materials. Ethiopian Grade 12 Geography Teacher Guide [PDF]: This is very useful for all English medium school teachers in Ethiopia. Paper 1: Challenges in the human environment • The human/economic one! Among the varieties are the greater and lesser kudu (both rather rare); the duiker, gemsbuck, hartebeest, gerenuk (the most common—it has long thin legs and a camel-like neck); klipspringer, found on the high plateaus as well as in the lower districts; and the dik-dik, the smallest of the antelopes, its weight rarely exceeding 5 kg (11 lb), common in the low countries and the foothills. They have been worn into deep and narrow ravines, sometimes to a depth of 1,000 to 1,200 m (3,300 to 3,900 ft). In this lake the Awash river is lost. PDF | This study surveys the development of geography as an academic discipline in Ethiopia, its current landscape, and future challenges. During the rains the Tekezé (i.e. Great numbers of eagles, vultures, hawks, bustards and other birds of prey are met with; and partridges, duck, teal, guineafowl, sandgrouse, curlews, woodcock, snipe, pigeons, thrushes and swallows are very plentiful. Ethiopia has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, and natural gas. The highlands are thus a clearly marked geographic division. endobj The Geography of Ethiopia Total Size: 1,127,127 square km Size Comparison: slightly less than twice the size of Texas Geographical Coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E World Region or Continent: Africa General Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley Geographical Low Point: Denakil Depression -125 m Geographical High Point: Ras Dejen 4,620 m Many of the mountains are of unusual shape. The chief river of Ethiopia flowing east is the Awash River (or Awasi), which rises in the Shewan uplands and makes a semicircular bend first southeast and then northeast. The Adigrat Sandstone possibly represents some portion of the Karoo System of South Africa. Its Red Sea coastline is about 960 kilometers long. They are interbedded with unfossiliferous sandstones and shales. 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