For civic administration, the city is further divided into 35 administrative wards. The mountains from where these rivers originate are in the elevation range of 1,500–3,000 metres (4,900–9,800 ft), and have passes which provide access to and from Kathmandu and its valley. Kumari Ghar is a palace in the centre of the Kathmandu city, next to the Durbar square where a royal Kumari selected from several Kumaris resides. Buff (meat of water buffalo) is very common. [17] With their migration, Yambu was called Koligram and Yengal was called Dakshin Koligram[18] during most of the Licchavi era.[19]. The Kumari is believed to be a bodily incarnation of the goddess Taleju (the Nepali name for Durga) until she menstruates, after which it is believed that the goddess vacates her body. The stadium was renovated with Chinese aid before the 8th South Asian Games were held in Kathmandu and floodlights were installed. [94] The team of Dr. Sanduk Ruit in Tilganga pioneered sutureless small-incision cataract surgery (SICS),[95][96] a technique which has been used to treat 4 million of the world's 20 million people with cataract blindness. [78] A mini theatre has been opened at the Hanumandhoka Durbar Square, established by the Durbar Conservation and Promotion Committee. The Nepal Art Council Gallery, in the Babar Mahal, on the way to Tribhuvan International Airport contains artwork of both national and international artists and extensive halls regularly used for art exhibitions.[70]. Nepali citizens who served as soldiers in Indian and British armies, who had converted to Christianity while in service, on return to Nepal continue to practice their religion. Kathmandu's trade is an ancient profession that flourished along an offshoot of the Silk Road which linked India and Tibet. Newar music originated in Kathmandu. The staple food of most people in Kathmandu is dal bhat. It was built under the reign of King Laxmi Narsingha Malla. It is the largest stadium in Nepal with a capacity of 25,000 spectators, built in 1956. Office of Municipal Executive, Bagmati Province, वडा अनुसार कोभिड १९ संक्रमितको मिति २०७७-८-२६ गतेको प्रारम्भिक विवरण ।, विवरण उपलब्ध गराईदिने सम्बन्धमा । श्री अध्यक्ष ज्यू १-३२ वडा कामपा सबै ।, वडा अनुसार कोभिड १९ संक्रमितको मिति २०७७-८-२५ गतेको प्रारम्भिक विवरण ।, वडा अनुसार कोभिड १९ संक्रमितको मिति २०७७-८-२४ गतेको प्रारम्भिक विवरण ।, वडा अनुसार कोभिड १९ संक्रमितको मिति २०७७-८-२३ गतेको प्रारम्भिक विवरण ।, कर्मचारी पुरस्कृत गर्ने सम्बन्धमा, सबै कर्मचारी कामपा ।, विवरण उपलब्ध गराईदिने बारे, सबै सामुदायिक विद्यालयहरु, का.म.पा ।, वडा अनुसार कोभिड १९ संक्रमितको मिति २०७७-८-२२ गतेको प्रारम्भिक विवरण ।, वडा अनुसार कोभिड १९ संक्रमितको मिति २०७७-८-२१ गतेको प्रारम्भिक विवरण ।, Citizenship & Essential Identification Form Download Portal, Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration, Office of the Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Social Security Beneficiary Account Agreement Format for Ward Offices. It holds biannual meetings to review, process and approve the annual budget and make major policy decisions. [40][41] Starting in early 2017, the Government of Nepal and the Embassy of the United States in Kathmandu have monitored and publicly share real-time air quality data. Bhrikuti, the princess of Nepal who married Tibetan monarch Songtsän Gampo, was instrumental in introducing Buddhism to Tibet. The importance of the Bagmati also lies in the fact that Hindus are cremated on its banks, and Kirants are buried in the hills by its side. They have a national office in Shantinagar, Baneshwor. Kathmandu is the center of music and dance in Nepal, and these art forms are integral to understanding the city. The oldest modern school in Nepal, the Durbar High School, and the oldest college, the Tri-Chandra College, are both in Kathmandu. The Metropolitan Police is the main law enforcement agency in the city. 550 billion approximately per year alone is worth more than one third of national GDP (nominal), while the per capita income of $2200 is approximately three times the national average. However, administratively the city is divided into 32 wards, numbered from 1 to 32. Previously, during the time of monarchy, the queen and the priests used to appoint the proposed Kumari with delicate process of astrological examination and physical examination of 32 'gunas'. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit Kathmandu's religious sites such as Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Changunarayan and Budhanilkantha. Social regulation in the codes enacted incorporates Hindu traditions and ethics. Ason is a bazaar and ceremonial square on the old trade route to Tibet, and provides a fine example of a traditional neighbourhood. Although the site is considered Buddhist, it is revered by both Buddhists and Hindus. During the reign of the seventh Kirata ruler, Jitedasti, Buddhist monks entered Kathmandu valley and established a forest monastery at Sankhu. Other major institutions include Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal Medical College, KIST Medical College, Nepal Army Institute of Health Sciences, National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS) and Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences (KUSMS), are also in or around Kathmandu. Trichandra College (the first college of Nepal), Durbar High School (the first modern school of Nepal), and Bir Hospital (the first hospital of Nepal) were built in Kathmandu during this era. Rainfall is mostly monsoon-based (about 65% of the total concentrated during the monsoon months of June to September), and decreases substantially (100 to 200 cm (39 to 79 in)) from eastern Nepal to western Nepal. It was built in the 16th century in pagoda style. (2001). A fringe population of devout Hindus and Muslims consider it taboo. It has a multi-ethnic population within a Hindu and Buddhist majority. Thamel is no more ‘real’ Kathmandu than I am. Schools in various municipalities of Kathmandu reopened recently after months of closure due to the COVID Although being two different cities, they act like a combined mega city for the residents of these two cities. Kathmandu's got history, it's got ancient artistic monuments, and it's also got swanky commercial complexes and fancy roads clogged with late-model cars.In Kathmandu you will see tantric priests rubbing shoulders with jet Music is a part of the traditional aspect of Kathmandu. Few community radio stations such as Radio Pratibodh – 102.4 MHz, Radio Upatyaka – 87.6 MHz etc. making 25%, Khas Brahmin at 20%, Khas Chhetri at 18.5%, and the remaining 8% are occupied by Khas occupational castes Kami, Damai, etc., and the Terai groups including Madhesi castes and Terai Janajatis/Adivasis like Tharus. The city contains several theatres, including the National Dance Theatre in Kanti Path, the Ganga Theatre, the Himalayan Theatre and the Aarohan Theater Group founded in 1982. The eastern wing, with ten courtyards, is the oldest part, dating to the mid-16th century. Planning a trip to Nepal? After the fall of the monarchy, it has been converted into a museum. Given its focus, the museum contains many weapons, including locally made firearms used in wars, leather cannons from the 18th–19th century, and medieval and modern works in wood, bronze, stone and paintings. This procedure is followed in other temples around India, which were sanctified by Adi Shankaracharya. The chief mourner (usually the first son) who lights the funeral pyre must take a holy riverwater bath immediately after cremation. Kasthamandap stands at the intersection of two ancient trade routes linking India and Tibet at Maru square. The pond is one of Kathmandu's most famous landmarks and is known for its religious and aesthetic significance. With a bar, the 5-star hotel has air-conditioned rooms with free WiFi, each with a private bathroom. The ward's profile documents for the 35 wards prepared by the Kathmandu Metropolitan Council is detailed and provides information for each ward on population, the structure and condition of houses, the type of roads, educational The Asa Archives are also noteworthy. [60][61] Shivaratri, or the night of Lord Shiva, is the most important festival that takes place here, attracting thousands of devotees and sadhus. [75] The museum is within a short walk from the Boudhanath stupa, which itself can be seen from the museum tower. [6][7], The spelling "Katmandu" was often used in older English-language text. Kathmandu is dissected by eight rivers, the main river of the valley, the Bagmati and its tributaries, of which the Bishnumati, Dhobi Khola, Manohara Khola, Hanumante Khola, and Tukucha Khola are predominant. During the Kirata era, a settlement called Yambu existed in the northern half of old Kathmandu. Kathmandu also houses some international standard cinema theatres and multiplexes, such as QFX Cinemas, Cine De Chef, Fcube Cinemas, Q's Cinemas, Big Movies, BSR Movies and many more. 'Queen's Pond') is a historic artificial pond nestled in the heart of Kathmandu. This monastery was renovated by Shakyas after they fled genocide from Virudhaka (r. 491–461 BCE). The seven monuments zones cover an area of 189 hectares (470 acres), with the buffer zone extending to 2,394 hectares (5,920 acres). [80] A large number of restaurants in Kathmandu have since opened, catering Nepali cuisine, Tibetan cuisine, Chinese cuisine and Indian cuisine in particular. Believers in Pashupatinath (mainly Hindus) are allowed to enter the temple premises, but non-Hindu visitors are allowed to view the temple only from the across the Bagmati River. The complex has 50 temples and is distributed in two quadrangles of the Durbar Square. The influx of many Tibetan refugees from China has seen the construction of over 50 Tibetan gompas (monasteries) around Boudhanath. [citation needed], It is said that in Kathmandu alone there are 170 Christian churches. Every year thousands of students apply for No Objection Certificates for studying abroad. I wanted my 3 days in Kathmandu to begin on a good note, and my extensive pre-trip research led me to believe that Kasthamandap Boutique Hotel would be the best place to make that happen. Some of the buildings have been restored while some remain in the process of reconstruction. The headquarters of many of the country's news outlets are also in the city including Kathmandu Tribune, the government-owned Gorkhapatra (the oldest national daily newspaper in Nepal), The Kathmandu Post, Nepali Times, Kantipur Publications and its paper Kantipur, Naya Patrika, The Himalayan Times, Karobar Economic Daily, Aarthik Abhiyan National Daily and Jana Aastha National Weekly. Khabarhub KATHMANDU: Coronavirus has spread to all the 32 wards of the Kathmandu Metropolitan City. As Kathmandu, the Nepalese capital, battles coronavirus, it also finds itself in a war of words with Beijing over a newspaper article. According to legends, all the timber used to build the pagoda was obtained from a single tree. The city of Kathmandu and the surrounding valley are in the Deciduous Monsoon Forest Zone (altitude range of 1,200–2,100 metres (3,900–6,900 ft)), one of five vegetation zones defined for Nepal. Boudhanath (Nepali: बौद्ध स्तुप; also written as Bouddhanath, Bodhnath, Baudhanath or the Khāsa Chaitya), is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in Nepal, along with the Swayambhunath. Out of 1,606 people infected in the […] The stone inscription outside is in fifteen languages. Most of the fairs and festivals in Kathmandu originated in the Malla period or earlier. [24][30][31] The chart below is based on data from the Nepal Bureau of Standards & Meteorology, Weather Meteorology for 2005. The Durbar Square of Kathmandu is in the old city and has heritage buildings representing four kingdoms (Kantipur, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kirtipur); the earliest being the Licchavi dynasty. "A Kushan-period Sculpture from the reign of Jaya Varman, CE 185, Kathmandu, Nepal. Buddhism was brought into Kathmandu with the arrival of Buddhist monks during the time of Buddha (c. 563 – 483 BCE[89]). Kathmandu also contains the Kaiser Library, in the Kaiser Mahal on the ground floor of the Ministry of Education building. During this era, following the genocide of Shakyas in Lumbini by Virudhaka, the survivors migrated north and entered the forest monastery lora masquerading as Koliyas. Many other restaurants have opened to accommodate locals, expatriates, and tourists. Haramekhala), religion (e.g. For example, the famous 7th-century Chinese traveller Xuanzang described Kailaskut Bhawan, the palace of the Licchavi king Amshuverma. [65] Thousands of prayer flags are hoisted up from the top of the stupa downwards and dot the perimeter of the complex. It is practiced by the Kirat people. Earlier, there were 35 wards which made it the metropolitan city with the largest number of the wards.[28]. The city generally has a climate with warm days followed by cool nights and mornings. 2 coverage on the vulnerability of Kathmandu Valley to a big quake in the near future. However, a significant part of the temple was destroyed by Mughal invaders in the 14th century and little or nothing remains of the original 5th-century temple exterior. Legendary Princess Bhrikuti (7th-century) and artist Araniko (1245–1306 CE) from that tradition of Kathmandu valley played a significant role in spreading Buddhism in Tibet and China. The city was surrounded by eight barracks guarded by Ajimas. Sanskrit language therefore was preferred and people were encouraged to learn it even by attending Sanskrit learning centres in Terai. Furthermore, Nepal became a member of several international tourist associations. Since then, tourism in Nepal has thrived. This activity has been further enhanced by establishing formal relationships with 8 other cities: Matsumoto City (Nagano Prefecture, Japan), Rochester (New York, U.S.), Yangon (formerly Rangoon, Myanmar), Xi'an (Shaanxi, China), Minsk (Belarus), and Pyongyang (North Korea). [27], The green, vegetated slopes that surround the Kathmandu metro area (light grey, image centre) include both forest reserves and national parks. Swayambhunath (Nepali: स्वयम्भू स्तूप) is a Buddhist stupa atop a hillock at the northwestern part of the city. Water supply and sanitation facilities are provided by the Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Limited (KUKL). It is one of the most popular fast foods in Kathmandu. These 3 districts are administered by 21 local level bodies; 2 metropolitan cities (Kathmandu and Lalitpur), 16 municipalities and 3 rural municipalities. Update of previous article). The Garden Hotel, Hotel Ambassador, and Aloha Inn are among the three-star hotels in Kathmandu. Kathmandu Municipal Corporation (KMC) is the chief nodal agency for the administration of Kathmandu. Eventually, the Licchavi ruler Gunakamadeva merged Koligram and Dakshin Koligram, founding the city of Kathmandu. The city was the royal capital of the Kingdom of Nepal and hosts palaces, mansions and gardens of the Nepalese aristocracy. Furthermore, music from all over Nepal can be found in Kathmandu. The BBC also has an FM broadcasting station in Kathmandu. It has a variety of pieces including his personal belongings, letters, and papers, memorabilia related to events he was involved in and a rare collection of photos and paintings of Royal family members. Consultancy firms specializing in preparing students to go abroad can be found in all prominent locations. There are 32 municipal wards and 29 municipal wards in Kathmandu Metropolitan city and Lalitpur Metropolitan city respectively. For other uses, see, Kathmandu with the Himalayas in the background, International relations and organizations, Article:गोपालराज वंशावली Language: Nepalbhasa, Journal:नेपालभाषा केन्द्रीय विभागया जर्नल, Edition:1, Date: 1998, pp. It was expanded by King Pratap Malla in the 17th century with many temples. In 2006 UNESCO declared these seven groups of monuments as a World Heritage Site (WHS). Healthcare in Kathmandu is the most developed in Nepal, and the city and surrounding valley is home to some of the best hospitals and clinics in the country. The older northern settlements were referred to as Yambi while the southern settlement was known as Yangala. Historic areas of Kathmandu were severely damaged by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake in April 2015. From centuries past, Lhasa Newar merchants of Kathmandu have conducted trade across the Himalaya and contributed to spreading art styles and Buddhism across Central Asia. Kirats who have migrated from other parts of Nepal to Kathmandu practice Mundhum in the city.[90]. [54], The religious art of Nepal and Kathmandu in particular consists of an iconic symbolism of the Mother Goddesses such as: Bhavani, Durga, Gaja-Lakshmi, Hariti-Sitala, Mahsishamardini, Saptamatrika (seven mother goddesses), and Sri-Lakshmi (wealth-goddess). Nepal Republic Media, the publisher of myRepublica, joined a publishing alliance with the International Herald Tribune (IHT), to publish the Asia Pacific Edition of IHT from Kathmandu from 20 July 2011. Ward 16 is the largest, with an area of 437.4 ha; ward 26 is the smallest, with an area of 4 ha.[45]. Sajha Yatayat provides regular bus services throughout Kathmandu and the surrounding valley. Amarkosh, a Sanskrit-Nepal Bhasa dictionary from 1381 AD, was also found. It also has several outlets of the international ice-cream chain Baskin-Robbins.[81]. It is the only jazz festival in the Himalayan region and was established in March 2002. The actual structure of the museum showcases restoration and rehabilitation efforts to preserve the built heritage of Kathmandu. Nepal: Kathmandu Valley Contents: Wards The population of all wards of the … [66] A large stone statue of an elephant in the south signifies the image of Pratap Malla and his two sons. Another massacre, the Bhandarkhal Massacre, was also conducted by Kunwar and his supporters in Kathmandu. Northeastern Kathmandu with Gaurishankar in background. Kathmandu is dirty, smelly, loud and chaotic. Also of note is the Moti Azima Gallery, in a three-storied building in Bhimsenthan which contains an impressive collection of traditional utensils and handmade dolls and items typical of a medieval Newar house, giving an important insight into Nepali history. There are three preserved Durbar Squares in Kathmandu valley and one unpreserved in Kirtipur. Kathmandu's urban cosmopolitan character has made it the most populous city in Nepal, recording a population of 671,846 residents living in 235,387 households in the metropolitan area, according to the 2001 census. Metropolitan Kathmandu is divided into five sectors: the Central Sector, the East Sector, the North Sector, the City Core and the West Sector. Then Lord Krishna came to Nepal, killed Banasur, and again drained out the water. Over the years the city has been home to people of various ethnicities, resulting in a range of different traditions and cultural practices. Under Köppen's climate classification, portions of the city with lower elevations have a humid subtropical climate (Cwa), while portions of the city with higher elevations generally have a subtropical highland climate (Cwb). Kotirudra Samhita of Shiva Purana, Chapter 11, Shloka 18 refers to the place as Nayapala city, which was famous for its Pashupati Shivalinga. Everyday more than thousands of people commutes between these two cities as a part of their normal routine. Shringla met Nepal Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, foreign minister Pradeep Gyawali and foreign secretary Bharat Raj Paudyal on the first day of his two-day visit aimed at … They established a forest monastery in Sankhu. The city water shortage should be solved by the completion of the much plagued Melamchi Water Supply Project by the end of 2019. Due to the intermixing with Kirat cuisine from eastern Nepal, pork has found a place in Kathmandu dishes. This was mostly due to the annual variation of the southwest monsoon. At present, a cable car service is operated in Kathmandu in Chandragiri Hills.[114]. Islam is practiced in Kathmandu but Muslims are a minority, accounting for about 4.2% of the population of Nepal. These were followed by the Shah kings and previous kings, as devout Hindus and protectors of the Buddhist religion. In 1956, air transportation was established and the Tribhuvan Highway, between Kathmandu and Raxaul (at India's border), was started. Since the 1960s, the permanent Tibetan Buddhist population of Kathmandu has risen significantly so that there are now over fifty Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the area. [82] Ailaa and thwon (alcohol made from rice) are the alcoholic beverages of Kathmandu, found in all the local bhattis (alcohol serving eateries). International chain restaurants are rare, but some outlets of Pizza Hut and KFC have recently opened there. Drinking and driving is illegal, and authorities have a zero-tolerance policy. Nepal Red Cross Society: VCA of 46 wards (in 5 municipalities) in the Kathmandu Valley This VCA has been completed as part of the Nepal Red Cross project Earthquake Preparedness and Safety project in the 3 districts of the [105], The total length of roads in Nepal is recorded to be 17,182 km (10,676 mi), as of 2003–04. [109] It has two terminals, one domestic and one international. [111] Nepal Airlines started flying to Tokyo-Narita from March 2, 2020. The royal family lived in this palace until 1886 when they moved to Narayanhiti Palace. According to the records of the Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís of Nepal, there are approximately 300 followers of the Baháʼí Faith in Kathmandu valley. In contrast, 2003 was the wettest year ever in Kathmandu, totaling over 2,900 mm (114 in) of precipitation due to an exceptionally strong monsoon season. It was established in 1972 and started to impart medical education from 1978. At present, it connects 30 cities around the globe in Europe, Asia and the Middle East such as Istanbul, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata, Singapore, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Dhaka, Paro, Lhasa, Chengdu, Guangzhou and Hong Kong. The indigenous Newari term for Kathmandu valley is Yen. Alcohol is widely drunk, and there are numerous local variants of alcoholic beverages. The neighbourhood of Thamel is Kathmandu's primary "traveller's ghetto", packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores, catering to tourists. [87] The artistic edifices have now become places of worship in the everyday life of the people, therefore a roster is maintained to observe annual festivals. They intermarried with Nepali royalty, and this led to the Malla era. Sikhism is practiced primarily in Gurudwara at Kupundole. These museums include the Birendra museum, which contains items related to the second-last monarch, King Birendra.[70]. [46] In 1944, the fire service was extended to the neighbouring cities of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur. From the 3rd century BCE, apart from the Hindu gods and goddesses, Buddhist monuments from the Ashokan period (it is said that Ashoka visited Nepal in 250 BC) have embellished Nepal in general and the valley in particular. According to data from 2011, the major religions in Kathmandu city are Hinduism 81.3%, Buddhism 9%, Islam 4.4% and other 5.2%. Momo, a type of Nepali version of Tibetan dumpling, has become prominent in Nepal with many street vendors and restaurants selling it. "A Kushan-period Sculpture from the reign of Jaya Varma, CE 184/185, Kathmandu, Nepal." The southern gate of the palace is at the crossing of Prithvipath and Durbar Marg roads. The colophons of ancient manuscripts, dated as late as the 20th century, refer to Kathmandu as Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap Mahānagar in Nepal Mandala. It covers a wide range of subjects including history, law, art, religion, and philosophy, as well as a Sanskrit manual of Tantra, which is believed to be over 1,000 years old. It is the most important museum in the country, housing an extensive collection of weapons, art and antiquities of historic and cultural importance. Institute of Medicine, the central college of Tribhuvan University is the first medical college of Nepal and is in Maharajgunj, Kathmandu. Tea is widely served but is extremely weak by western standards. The palace area covers 30 hectares (74 acres) and is fully secured with gates on all sides. The china (Nepali: चिना), an ancient Hindu astrological report, of the Kumari and the reigning king was ought to be similar. According … [46] An iron tower was erected to monitor the city and watch for a fire. The main international airport serving Kathmandu valley is the Tribhuvan International Airport, about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the city centre and is operated by the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal. The nine-storey tower Dharahara was originally built during this era. Welcome to the Kathmandu google satellite map! [51], The largest ethnic groups residing in Kathmandu Metropolitan City consists of primarily various caste groups of the Newar community at 30%, Hill Janajati/Adivisis like Tamang, Kirat, Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, etc. Thanks During the Rana regime, Kathmandu's alliance shifted from anti-British to pro-British; this led to the construction of the first buildings in the style of Western European architecture. [36][37][38] According to the 2016 World Health Organization's Ambient Air Pollution Database,[39] the annual average PM2.5 (particulate matter) concentration in 2013 was 49 μg/m3, which is 4.9 times higher than recommended by the World Health Organization. [65] At the northern entrance where visitors must pass is a shrine dedicated to Ajima, the goddess of smallpox. In Sanskrit, Kāṣṭha (Sanskrit: काष्ठ) means "Wood" and Maṇḍapa (Sanskrit: मण्डप) means "Pavilion". Trolleybusses used to operate on the route between Tripureshwor and Suryabinayak on a 13-kilometer route. Books have been found from this era that describe their tantric tradition (e.g. The economic output of the metropolitan area of around Rs. The most well-known of these buildings include Singha Durbar, Garden of Dreams, Shital Niwas, and the old Narayanhiti palace. It is the largest library in the country with more than 70,000 books in English, Nepali, Sanskrit, Hindi, and Nepal Bhasa. Newar artists travelled extensively throughout Asia, creating religious art for their neighbours. The city is in an ancient lake basin, with fertile soil and flat terrain. It has since been discontinued due to poor carrying capacity and maintenance issues. During the early part of this era, Kathmandu maintained its distinctive culture. It is the country's most important industry. The city served as an important transit point in the trade between India and Tibet, leading to tremendous growth in architecture. The chart provides minimum and maximum temperatures during each month. These disasters led to the destruction of most of the architecture of the Licchavi era (such as Mangriha and Kailashkut Bhawan), and the loss of literature collected in various monasteries within the city. [77], Kathmandu houses many notable art galleries. To the north the urban area extends into several municipalities; Nagarjun, Tarakeshwor, Tokha, Budhanilkantha, Gokarneshwor and Kageshwori Manohara. Kathmandu (/ˌkætmænˈduː/;[2] Nepali: काठमाडौँ, Nepali pronunciation: [ˈkaʈʰmaɳɖu]) is the capital and largest city of Nepal, with a population of around 1 million. [70] The 2015 earthquake caused severe damage to the Ministry of Education building, and the contents of the Kaiser Library have been temporarily relocated. [74] It seeks to document 50 years of research and cultural heritage conservation of the Kathmandu Valley, documenting what artists, photographers, architects, and anthropologists from abroad had contributed in the second half of the 20th century. 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