While traditional Chinese fan has a profound culture, which is closely associated with bamboo culture and Buddhism culture. The history of the Chinese fan dates back to over 3,000 years ago, around the Shang Dynasty (circa 1600 – 1046 BCE). Named Shanhan, the “fan” was then tied to a horse carriage with the purpose of blocking the heat of the sun and also sheltering the carriage during the rain. Famous especially during the times of Southern and Northern Dynasties (420 – 589), where the silk was shaped to resemble the shape of the full moon and also called the “round fan” or tuánshàn. male addicted to computers, computer games, adult cartoons etc (2000s Taiwan slang, derived from Japanese otaku 御宅男 house male) fan of computer games by extension, nerd 粉 丝 Trad. Check out our “Free Culture Library“. For over 3,000 years they have been used as fashion statements, art displays, and a way to keep cool or provide shade. Made popular during the times of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220CE), bamboo fans are significantly more affordable than the older fans (like the ones made using animal bones for the fan’s ribs), and so are widely used in its time. Chinamarketadvisor.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The Japanese are said to have invented the first folding fan with the bat’s wings as their inspiration. Contrary to other definitions on urban dictionary, make sure you do NOT pronounce the "fan" element like a football fan. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Archaeological ruins and ancient texts show that the hand fan was used in ancient Greece at least from the 4th century BC and was known as a rhipis (Greek: ῥιπίς). The cover is always made of various kinds of silk with flower and grass patterns that are sometimes adorned with a flashing aluminum sheet. If you’ve spent a summer in China, it’s virtually impossible to miss people strolling down the roads with their handheld Chinese fans to beat the heat. This ancient fan is made of woven bamboo and is believed to be used by royalty when they traveled outdoors. If you travel to China during the summer, you can easily see people in the street fanning away the striking heat. Fan is in common use to drive away heat and stay cool during summer days. Mythology, a young girl spotted playing french horn at the top of a mountain until she was knocked down by the sun god for her over-radience. fan definition: 1. someone who admires and supports a person, sport, sports team, etc. Both tourists and younger Chinese generations learn classic tales and lore of China's past through the fan dance. Originally, Chinese fan is not used for relieving summer heat, but for symbolizing the status and power of the user. Before then during the Zhou Dynasty, roughly 2,000 years ago, the Chinese fan was believed to symbolize wisdom and authority, with the feather fans mainly used by nobles. This term needs a translation to English. According to the materials, shape and usage, Chinese fans can be divided into numerous cetegories. 粉 絲 The main and best materials used for this type of fan are feathers from large birds, such as quills of fleck willets, tail feathers of the black wide goose, tail feathers of the magnificent peafowl, wing feathers of the round fleck owl, tail feathers of the crane and the white or gray goose. Mafan is a word derived from mandarin chinese that conveys the feeling of being pained or annoyed by something, about the same meaning as 'troublesome' or 'bothersome'. From royalties to nobles to the poorest commoners, the Chinese fans have been a very important part of ancient China and its history. Named Shanhan, one of the earliest known “fans” wasn’t like the hand-held ones we still see today. Apparently, the feather fan is made from bird feathers, including peacock, crane, eagle, goose, pheasant to name just a few. Here are some of the common ones: As the name suggests, this type of fan is made of bird feathers, and as discussed above, has been around since the time of the Zhou dynasty. These cookies are necessary for the website to function and cannot be switched off in our systems. When the fan is finished, it is as smooth as silk. However, the Chinese traditional fan is actually a very important part of the Chinese culture, with over 3,000 years of history. Namesake also refers to the Ailuen in C.O.R.E. The fan itself is symbolic, with the small end representing birth and the blades symbolizing the many possible paths leading away from this beginning. Chinese words for fan include 风扇, 球迷, 扇, 迷, 扇子, 爱好者, 扇动, 煽, 簸 and 箑. Here, we will learn all you need to know about Chinese traditional fans. This meaning is more widely spread in Chinese society that I have already found people using this word with the new meaning in academic environment. They then cut it into a round and hang brocade thread along the edge. The Japanese folding fans are still used today by Shinto priests and within the Japanese court, including by the Japanese Emperor and Empress during special occasions like wedding and coronation. 吃饭 ( chī fàn = to eat ), 电饭煲 ( diànfànbāo = rice cooker ), 饭店 ( fàndiàn = restaurant ), 饭馆 ( fànguăn = restaurant ), 饭盒 ( fànhé = lunch box ), 米饭 ( mĭfàn = rice ), 年夜饭 ( niányèfàn = new year's eve family dinner ), 晚饭 ( wănfàn = supper ), 午饭 ( wŭfàn = lunch ), 早饭 ( zăofàn = breakfast ), 中饭 … The Chinese fan back then was mainly made of feathers, and so they are called feather fans and are mainly popular among the rich and nobility (since it was extremely expensive to make one back then). Commonly used in the imperial place and among the aristocrats, widely recognized in ancient China as the symbol of wealth, authority, and wisdom. Look it up now! The House of Fàn (Fàn Family or Fàn Clan) is a Chinese noble family that traces its origins to the model Emperor Yao, a legendary Chinese ruler who lived from 2358 – 2258 BCE. Other Chinese characters can form this name as well. These fans with poems or paintings on them serve as artistic symbol for social status. The paintings cover a wide range from landscapes, flowers, figures, and so on. They might be carved into different shapes and the number of the ribs can dictate the size of the folding fans, for instance, 7, 9, or 12. The frame of the fan is mainly made of bamboo, sandalwood or cow bone. Rongchang became one of the biggest folding fan producers in China during the reign of Ming Emperor Yongle (1402-1424), with over 10,000 folding fans being delivered from Rongchang to the imperial court every single year. Today’s popular Chinese folding fan, however, is said to be influenced by Japan’s folding fan. Chinese : from the name of a place called Fan, which existed during the Zhou dynasty. Originally, it was used as a surname and as a surname it functions until today. The first type of fan, known as Shanhan, was tied to a horse-drawn carriage to shut out the strong sunshine and shelter the passengers from the rainfall. The original Chinese fan, the circular tuánshàn 团扇, is said to have been modeled after the full moon, and signifies union and happiness. This name was borne in the 8th century by the Tang dynasty poet Li Bai, whose given was 白. Paintings of birds and flowers, for example, symbolize beauty and gracefulness and became the favorite fan design for young women. Chinese fan boasts a long history of over thousands years. Folding fans appeared in the Song Dynasty and gained popularity among literati and officials during the Ming Dynasty. It is widely believed that the Japanese first invented the Akomeogi, the Japanese folding fan around the 6h-century CE, and it was brought to China around the 7th or 8th-century CE. This was the surname of the emperors of the Ming dynasty. The dance is usually learned from an older family member and is often performed at cultural festivals and other civilian events. Chinese fan dances include a specific type of semantics, symbolism, vocabulary and structure so as to allow the dancer to communicate her intentions. Learn more details about 饭 Chinese character and share your story, photos and comments about it. Also check out the example sentences for the character Expression: From Chinese 白 meaning "white, pure", 百 meaning "one hundred, many" or 柏 meaning "cypress tree, cedar" (which is usually only masculine). 饭 (or 飯 in traditional Chinese) is pronounced "fàn" in pinyin.This is the 618th most common character in Chinese and can mean "rice", "food" or "meal." The two latter meanings are the most common in modern Chinese. The Shanhan was a bit like today’s umbrella. The history of Chinese fan can be dated to over 3,000 years ago, around the Shang Dynasty (C.16th-11th BC). Common Chinese Names for Boys. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Commonly accepted as the symbol of knowledge and wisdom, and so is popular among scholars in ancient China. After skiving, sawing, digging, blanching, shaping, carving and polishing, the bone looks exactly like ivory. Palm-Leaf Fan: The palm leaf fan is always round, big and strong, with a long handle and pea green in color. Widely used in the imperial palace especially among young females due to its feminine design and shape. Detailed information about every Chinese characters (simplified and traditional), more than 90 000 words and vocabulary. 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