The last destination they checked out before reaching the Galapagos Islands was Chile. The name of Charles Darwin and his famous book The Origin of Species will forever be linked with the Galapagos Islands. And during this period, Darwin had the chance to tour a handful of islands, where he collected multiple Galapagos specimens for research purposes. It is more the geography of an archipelago of sub-disciplines which in aggregate make up the island nation of the modern synthesis. Dr. Erasmus Darwin, his grandfather was a celebrated botanist whereas Dr. Robert W Darwin, his father was a medical doctor. Its exceptional underwater life is an important reason that Galapagos is considered one of the Seven Underwater Wonders of the World. He went there on October 8th. The Archipelago is in risk for many reasons. In the first edition he claimed that Galapagos wildlife was very similar to what he had found on the South American continent. Darwin and Wolf Islands are the most remote in the archipelago, with Darwin about 21 km to the north of Wolf. Some foreign species have been introduced, such as feral goats, cats, cattle and also many plants, this has resulted in the loss of part of the habitat. This, coupled with the marine evidence that he came across in the mountainous regions of Peru, led Darwin to better understand that geological uplifting and movements usually result in the formation of coral reefs and sinking of islands. Here, Darwin studied the beaches’ formations, but soon after the boat left for Brazil: Where Darwin had the opportunity to admire and collect species in the Amazon Rain Forest. If you’ve been to the islands, then you’ll attest when I say that they’re home to some of the most extraordinary and unique animal species, including, but not limited to rays, sharks, sea lions, fur seals, iguanas, and giant tortoises. With this theory, he, once again, used the Galapagos Islands to explain and prove his concept. It is named in honor of English scientist Charles Darwin.With no dry landing sites, Darwin Island's main attractions are found in the Pacific Ocean, which is teeming with a large variety of marine life. This bird was the Floreana Mockingbird. Galapagos » Galapagos Archipelago Islands of the Galapagos Archipelago The archipelago has been known by many different names, including the "Enchanted Islands" because of the way in which the strong and shifting currents made navigation difficult. The first destination the boat stopped at was the western side of Africa: Cape Verde’s archipelago to be more specific. Three years before Darwin’s arrival in 1835, Ecuador claimed sovereignty over the islands, but attempts to colonize the islands were unsuccessful until the mid-twentieth century, and even then only in very small numbers. If you want to travel to Ecuador or Peru, our local DMC is available for travelers and operators. The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago of 17 major volcanic islands and over 100 islets in the Eastern Pacific ocean. He wrote the Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the countries visited during the voyage of H.M.S. Galapagos History. This magical volcanic archipelago located in the Eastern Pacific is about 600 miles west of Ecuador, the country that claims the islands under its flag. For example, when he is describing the geological features of the islands he describes… The Galapagos Archipelago — which was a natural laboratory for British scientist Charles Darwin to develop his theory of species evolution — derives its name from the giant turtles found there. When they got to the Galapagos Islands four years later, Charles Darwin definitely got more than he had bargained for. After arriving on September 15, 1835, the HMS Beagle and Darwin stayed in Galapagos for two months. Natural selection, as Darwin explained, means that species suffer variations if it is useful for their circumstances, as the most adapted survive. About one-quarter of Darwin’s notes and field book are dedicated to this location that most amazed him. 7 Reasons to Add the Galapagos to Your Winter Bucket List, Let’s Go! During this historic voyage, Darwin visited Cabo Verde, Rio de Janeiro, Chile, Peru, Tahiti and other places. Everything is collected in Journal and Remarks, the book he wrote in 1839. The first specimens Darwin collected were plankton and marine invertebrates that he found on the boat. In chapter 19, he explains his expedition at Galapagos Archipelago. Today, there are 26 species of birds native to the Galapagos Islands and 14 of them make up the cluster known as Darwin’s Finches. 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