The lotus flower featured prominently in Egyptian lore (seen in hieroglyphics) as a symbol of rebirth; supposedly the flower retreated into the water at night, emerging whole again with each new sunrise. The lotus is a bowl-shaped perennial and is often confused with water lilies. History of the Lotus Flower Some varieties are hardier and tolerate northern environments well. The Egyptians worshiped the flowers, fruits, and sepals of the plant, commonly found along the banks of the Nile River. Rojas-Graüa, M.S. The lotus starts its journey in the mud under the still and murky water of ponds and lakes. Lotus plants are adapted to grow in the flood plains of slow-moving rivers and delta areas. [61] Nowadays there are 22 varieties for the four known Chinese lines, which are found particularly in Jianning (still called "the town of Jianlian lotus seeds in China") and Guangchang ("the town of white lotus seeds in China"). Hieroglyphics from Ancient Egypt show this delicate flower alongside priests and pharaohs. Lotus flower symbolism in legends and religions comes from the above, and it’s clear to see why. It is often colloquially called a water lily. "Isolation and characterization of two O-methyltransferases involved in benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)." This Vietnamese lotus tea is called trà sen, chè sen, or chè ướp sen. [19] During winter time, the roots have to be stored at a frost free place. A terricolous vegetable is planted between the rhizomes into the drained field. A pink lotus represents the Buddha and the history and succession of Buddhas. [45] The accumulation of heavy metals doesn't show morphological symptoms of metal toxicity;[46] however, the rhizome quality for human consumption needs further study. It’s used in food, medicine, art, and so much more. Traditionally rhizomes, leaves, and seeds have been used as folk medicines, Ayurveda, Chinese traditional medicine, and oriental medicine. Vietnamese and Indian people often associate the flower with gods and goddesses. Lotus flowers are one of the most prominent tokens in Eastern cultures. Lotus root is utilized as a popular vegetable in Sri Lanka, where it is often cooked in coconut milk gravy. Japan is one of the primary users of the rhizomes, representing about 1% of all vegetables consumed. Perhaps one of the strongest associations of the lotus flower with religion is that that is observed in Hinduism. In Ancient Egyptian mythology, the lotus flower symbolizedthe sun and had strong ties to the concept of creation and rebirth. Rhizomes quickly lose water, oxidation occurs and nutrient composition changes within a short time after harvest. If leaves have already started to grow before potting, make sure you only cover the root. (Fam. Each morning they rebloom without residue from their environment. [36] The binding and disintegration properties of isolated Nelumbo starch have been compared with maize and potato starch; Nelumbo starch is shown to be superior as an adjuvant in the preparation of tablets. The rhizomes are harvested in July, after which rice can be planted into the same field. (Throw them away if they do not float, as they are likely not fertile.). Different cultures describe Lotus flower differently, but one thing is sure here – this fascinating flower hides numerous deep meanings. The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the leaves. Lotus Flower Color Meaning. This suppresses algae growth in N. nucifera aquatic systems and thus, the oxygen content is up to 20% higher than in other aquatic plant systems. Call me directly for feedback, suggestions and questions. Turning to art, variations in the audience scene may be pointed out: the following examples come from western satrapies of the Achaemenid Empire, indicating the dissemination and adaptation of this important theme. [25][19], The rhizomes mature to a suitable stage for eating in approximately six to nine months. They can survive under ice as long as their roots remain in water or mud. The catastrophic flooding of the Yangtze River in 1954 killed all the lotuses in the area. Petals of the lotus are often used to create unique flavors for meat and congee (an Asian rice porridge). [55][56] While leaves are used for hematemesis, epistaxis, and hematuria, the flowers are used for lowering blood sugar levels,[57] diarrhea, cholera, fever, and hyperdipsia. A cause for much of the mystery surrounding lotus flowers is that they are living fossils. Known to have been found naturally along the banks of the mighty Nile River in Egypt thousands of years ago, the beauty of the blue lotus flower prompted men to take the brilliantly-hued plant back to their own homelands. The Lotus Flower and its Meaning in Hinduism. It can also mean majesty, fertility, wealth, serenity, knowledge, and faith within ourselves. [56][42] Because of the special role in human health and richness in nutrients and bioactive substances, the Chinese Ministry of Health approved the use of N. nucifera as both "food and medicine". When the Manchu tribes of Manchuria (now Northeast China) conquered China some 500 years later in the 17th century and proclaimed the Qing dynasty, the White Lotus … Average yield of these cultivars is 7.5–15 t/ha (3.3-6.7 tons/acre) of harvest in July and 30–45 t/ha (13-20 tons/acre) of harvest in September. Interestingly, even if lotuses hadn’t returned, they could come back centuries later. Food Chem 105:540–547, Sung J, Sung J, Shin H (2011) Cytoprotective effects of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner) seed extracts on oxidative damaged mouse embryonic fibroblast cell. It’s no wonder it has been recognized in many cultures as a strong symbol of purity, spirituality, fortune etc. White Lotus Rebellion In White Lotus Rebellion The White Lotus society (Bailianjiao) was a religious cult already in existence in the Nan (Southern) Song dynasty (1127–1279). This page covers the mythology and history of the sacred blue lotus flower.The lotus has long been regarded as sacred by many of the world’s religions, especially in India and Egypt, where it is held to be a symbol of the Universe itself. [52] The plant also contains nuciferine, neferine and many other benzylisoquinoline alkaloids with medicinal properties. J Biol Chem 295(6): 1598-1612 doi:10.1074/jbc.RA119.011547. Fertilize sparingly for the first year. Types of Flowers, Flower Pictures, Rose Color Meanings & More. But is that all that the lotus represents? N. nucifera is able to assimilate a higher content of phosphorus than aquatic plants currently used for water remediation (such as water hyacinth). Then a maximum of approximately 4000 rhizome pieces per hectare (10000 per acre)[26] are used to plant directly into the mud 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in) below the soil surface. They have unparalleled resilience and ability to survive. Add a photo to this gallery The lotus flower is known from the fossil record to have existed between 145.5 million... 2. It is fabled that Siddhartha Gautama (Gautama Buddha), whose teaching Buddhism is founded upon, left a trail of Lotus Flowers in his wake with every step that he took. Cultivars can be classified by harvest time or by the depth of rhizomes into these types: The main popular Nelumbo nucifera cultivars in China are Elian 1, Elian 4, Elian 5, 9217, Xin 1 and 00–01. They are ideal for wetland areas, and thrive better in places with a lot of sunlight. Isolation, estimation and characterization of starch from rhizomes of Nelumbo nuciferaGaertn (Fam. Flower types differ in the number of petals (single petals, double petals or multi-petals) and their colours range from single colour in white, yellow, pink, red to bi-colour, most often of white petals with pink tip or highlights. [43] Due to intense agricultural practices, nitrogen and phosphorus pollution are major problems in aquatic systems. Blue Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) or blue lily is a flower that has had a majestic stretch of limelight back through thousands of years of history and across cultures as … This treatment is related to high cost and inefficient cleaning process before eating the rhizomes. Under favorable circumstances the seeds of this aquatic perennial may remain viable for many years, with the oldest recorded lotus germination being from seeds 1,300 years old recovered from a dry lakebed in northeastern China.[2]. The most common Lotus form seen in Hinduism is the white lotus flower. [31][32], Fresh lotus seeds (simplified Chinese: 鲜 莲子; traditional Chinese: 鮮 蓮子; pinyin: xiān liánzĭ; Cantonese Yale: sīn lìhnjí) are nutritious but also vulnerable to microbial contamination, especially fungal infections. By pulling and shaking the young leaves in the shallow water, the stolon is pulled out of the water. Lotus flowers are also known to be resistant to pollution, and can even purify the water they grow in. They have a strong will to survive and an incredible daily life cycle. Lotus root is a moderate calorie root vegetable (100 g of root-stem provides about 74 calories) and is composed of several vitamins, minerals, and nutrients: 83.80% water, 0.11% fat, 1.56% reducing sugar, 0.41% sucrose, 2.70% crude protein, 9.25% starch, 0.80% fiber, 0.10% ash and 0.06% calcium. [6], The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on the water's surface or are held well above it. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and aporphine. The lotus flower was created by Mother nature and it’s a remarkable beauty in the form of a flower. Four months after planting, the production of flowers has its climax. Flowers can be picked every two days during summer and every three days during the colder season. They develop faster due to higher temperature in surface soil layers. However, the roots are sweet and fragrant as well as rich in starch and vitamins. While all modern plant taxonomy systems agree that this species belongs in the genus Nelumbo, the systems disagree as to which family Nelumbo should be placed in, or whether the genus should belong in its own unique family and order. The lotus is said to bloom in Beijing on lunar April 8 (the Buddha’s birthday) and lunar January 8 is Lotus Day. [26], The characteristics of seed lotus cultivars are a large number of carpels and seed sets as well as large seeds with better nutritional properties. If a lotus flower is red, it refers to compassion and love. There are nearly 300 root lotuses, around 50 see lotuses, and about 1,000 flower lotuses. Stands of lotus drop hundreds of thousands of seeds every year to the bottom of the pond. The lotus flower seems to return from the mud again and again, capable of outlasting almost all living things currently thriving in our world. By stacking the rhizomes, they are storable and remain fresh for about three weeks. Lotus flowers appear most prominently in wetlands and usually grow in mud. Their nutritional values can differ due to culture environments and varieties. [19][20][25][27][28] The large, starch rich rhizomes are easy to dig out of the drained soil. [clarification needed][49], Nelumbo nucifera contains some thermal-stable proteins that might be useful in protein bio engineering processes. With that in mind, there are many types of lotus flowers that you can grow in your own garden. Mukherjee PK. Sridhar KR, Bhat R. Lotus: a potential nutraceutical source. Average yield of these cultivars in China is 1.05–1.9 t/ha (0.5–0.8 tons/acre) of dry seeds and weight of thousand seeds between 1,020 to 1,800 g (36 to 63 oz). The National Flower 'Lotus' or water lily is an aquatic plant of Nymphaea species with broad floating leaves and bright aromatic flowers that grow only in shallow waters. The Lotus Flower Tower is a peak in the Cirque of the Unclimbables, Northwest Territories, Canada.It is located on the ridge one km southwest of Mount Sir James MacBrien, and though it is not prominent in relation to surrounding peaks, it is noted for its sheer rock … A yellow lotus meaning means spiritual ascension. In this religion the lotus flower meaning is associated with beauty, fertility, prosperity, spirituality, and eternity. Zheng B, Zheng J, Zeng S (2003) Analysis of the nutritional composition in Chinese main lotus seed varieties. The leaves and flowers are borne high above the water. Mod Food Sci Technol 29:1675–1679, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, Menendez-Perdomo, I. M. and P. J. Facchini (2018). The rhizomes are then harvested next March. It is the normal pedestal for divine figures in Buddhist art and Hindu art, and often seen in Jain art. The Egyptians therefore associated the lotus flower with the sun which also disappeared in the night, only to re-emerge in the morning. They’re also arranged by color: pink, red, white, and yellow. • Lotus (plant), various botanical taxa commonly known as lotus [45] Dipping the rhizomes in a salt solution prevents oxidation and bacterial reproduction, which allows storage for up to five months and a greater export ability. Currently most rhizomes are consumed fresh and it is not common to store them due to their poor shelf life performance. [19] Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials. In fact, they contain little air spaces in their leaves to ensure buoyancy, and long stems to tie them to the mud. As the bud hits the surface of the water and drinks in the sunlight, a single petal opens, signifying an achievement. [41][42] Lotus seed tea is consumed in Korea, and lotus embryo tea is consumed in China and Vietnam.[42]. Varieties that show more than one of these characteristics are classified by the strongest feature. [60], Lotus rhizomes and seeds and their processing by-products are widely consumed in Asia, Americas, and Oceania for high content of physiologically active substances. The Ice Age was a time of great geological and ecological change. It is also used as a wrap for steaming rice and sticky rice and other steamed dishes in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as lo mai gai in Chinese cuisine or kao hor bai bua (Thai: ข้าวห่อใบบัว), fried rice wrapped in lotus leaf in Thai cuisine. Other parts of the lotus plant are also edible. The stamens can be dried and made into a fragrant herbal tea (Chinese: 蓮花 茶; pinyin: liánhuā cha; Cantonese Yale: lìhnfāa chah), or used to impart a scent to tea leaves (particularly in Vietnam). [26] Regarding production area in China, rhizome lotus has the largest area with 200,000 ha (490,000 acres), followed by seed lotus with 20,000 ha (49,000 acres). Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus,[1] bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. Lotus definition, a plant believed to be a jujube or elm, referred to in Greek legend as yielding a fruit that induced a state of dreamy and contented forgetfulness in those who ate it. The lotus root is used to add seasoning to food. During flood conditions, sediments containing these seeds are broken open, and the dormant seeds rehydrate and begin a new lotus colony. Lotus flowers are also often held by figures. The proteins are characterized by seed longevity used for cell protection and repair under stress. [31] Salads with prawns, sesame oil or coriander leaves are also popular. [44][45][46] It is able to grow in variable water conditions[47] and in low light intensity. [43] Various studies show the successful use of N. nucifera to counteract water eutrophication. Would love your thoughts, please comment. The plant also has a unique ability that allows it to revive after a period of stasis. Freeze-dried lotus seeds have a longer shelf life and maintain original nutrients, while no differences in flavour are found after rehydration compared to fresh lotus seeds. Furthermore, this group grows the tallest and produces very few to no flowers.[29][26]. Not to be confused with Golden Lotus Flower Hat or the Blackout Lotus Flower Hat. The pink lotus flower represents the history of Buddha and the historical legends of the Buddha. However, they can die, and sometimes do in natural disasters. Acta Nutr Sin 25:153–156, Wu J, Zheng Y, Chen T, Yi J, Qin L, Rahman K, Lin W (2007) Evaluation of the quality of lotus seed of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. [29] A more efficient use of the water for both, the aquatic animal and the lotus production, has been identified with this planting pattern.[30]. [49] There are three different approaches to storing rhizomes. The lotus has a unique daily life cycle of life, death, and rebirth. 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