[1] FEWS NET is a member of the KFSSG. The easing of rainfall during the January to February dry season permitted the completion of both the delayed, unimodal long rains harvest in high and medium agricultural areas in western Kenya and the bimodal short rains harvest in marginal agricultural areas in central and southeastern Kenya. Agricultural labor demand is generally expected to be above normal from February through September as a result of increased area planted and heightened demand for weeding during above-average rainfall seasons, especially in high and medium potential areas. Yussef is supported by his daughter, who grew up as a refugee in Sudan in the wake of the Ethiopia's 1984-5 famine. A second wave of desert locusts in Africa and Asia is threatening famine for millions as critical resources are directed towards the COVID-19 crisis, scientists warn. Coronavirus - Kenya: COVID-19 updates (7 December 2020) Coronavirus - Zambia: Daily status update (7th December 2020) Armée and Schmid Blend Experience and Youth for Team Qhubeka ASSOS The wholesale price of a kg of beans is expected to be approximately 55-60 percent above average throughout the scenario period, peaking at about 120 KES. A statement overnight said $80 million of the money will go to Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Congo, Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen. Crops were broadly in the maturation stages or had already been harvested, while the rains and positive soil moisture anomalies facilitated rangeland regeneration and offset pasture losses. Months of rain have just ended but weather experts say it was not enough to prevent worsening food and water shortages. Possible events over the next eight months that could change the most-likely scenario. New York, NY, December 3, 2020 — The International Rescue Committee is extremely concerned by the findings of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) that classified parts of Yemen as experiencing ‘famine like conditions’, with over 47,000 people projected to fall into this category in the next 6 months. However, an exception to this trend is Tana Riverine livelihood zone, where severe flooding contaminated water sources and led to increased waterborne disease incidence. However, some exceptions exist, such as in Isiolo, where livestock holdings are lowest (2 TLUs) and milk production is one liter per household per day on average. However, livestock price increases have outpaced maize price increases and the goat-to-maize terms of trade ranged from 15 to 55 percent above average. However, crop losses from desert locust may lead to declines in agricultural labor demand during the weeding stages and during the July/August bimodal harvest in localized areas. Low livestock prices, high staple food prices, low livestock productivity, heightened conflict and insecurity, increased migration, and an early and more intense lean season would be expected. Outbreaks of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) are likely to occur in Marsabit, Isiolo, Wajir, Mandera, Garissa, Tana River and Kilifi counties in February and from late May. Increased security could lead to re-opening of the border, which would likely improve Kenya-Somalia cross-border trade by increasing both the demand and supply of livestock and staple foods, respectively. Above-average livestock prices and milk production are also supplementing food and income from crop production. Consequently, livestock are being watered twice as regularly across all pastoral areas except in Wajir and Isiolo, where the frequency remains normal at once every two days. In 1992 two missionaries Rick and Cheri Thompson were working in Kenya. Due to the loss of household food and income sources, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes persisted through December in many areas. The United Nations humanitarian office said Wednesday, Nov. 18, 2020 it is releasing $100 million in emergency funding to seven countries at risk of famine … The refugee populations in both Dadaab and Kakuma refugee settlements, continue to receive food assistance rations reaching more than 25 percent of their population. Guidance for health workers pdf, 248kb 3. Based on current above-normal vegetation, the above-average rainfall forecast, and anticipated desert locust control operations, rangeland resources are expected to remain broadly above normal throughout the scenario period. Somalia has declared a national emergency in response to the crisis. In 2020, countries in East Africa including Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia are facing a large outbreak of desert locusts contributing to the ongoing food crisis in the region. Daily net production levels are 2-7 liters per household per day compared to 2-6 liters normally. Conversion factors are: cattle = 0.7, sheep = 0.1, goats = 0.1, pigs = 0.2, chicken = 0.01. The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government. A second wave of breeding is expected in June. The February to September 2020 most likely food security outcomes are based on the following national-level assumptions: Pastoral area outcomes: Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are expected to be sustained in most pastoral livelihood zones throughout the scenario period, and many poor households who are currently in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in Northwestern, Northern, and Northeastern Pastoral areas are expected to improve to Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The United Nations humanitarian office said Wednesday, Nov. 18, 2020 it is releasing $100 million in emergency funding to seven countries at risk of famine in Africa and the Middle East amid conflict and the COVID-19 pandemic, while the humanitarian chief says returning to a world where famines are common would be "obscene." Food availability has improved in early 2020 compared to late 2019, but the delayed unimodal maize harvest, below-average beans harvest, and tight regional supply are still driving high maize and bean prices. In Wajir, terror-related attacks in parts of Wajir East and Tarbaj sub counties in late January disrupted market supply flows and household market access. When people don't have enough food to eat, acute malnutrition sets in and weakens the immune system. Prices are most likely to peak at around KES 50 between April and August. Total cowpea production was 68 percent above average and green grams production ranged from 15 to 33 percent above average on the county level, primarily attributed to an increase in area planted and county government subsidy programs for seeds, fertilizers, and chemicals. Civil conflict in South Sudan has killed almost 400,000 people since 2013; 7.5 million people need humanitarian assistance. August 10, 2020. (AP Photo, File), Connect with the definitive source for global and local news. Ongoing desert locust breeding is expected to result in the formation of new swarms in March/April in grasslands and croplands in central, northern, and eastern Kenya, which coincides with the vegetative stage in bimodal cropping areas. Birth and conception levels have generally returned to normal among small stock, but births among large stock remain below normal as they have only recently fully recovered. Many areas of concern have improved to Stressed (IPC Phase 2), but Crisis (IPC Phase 3) persists in Tana Riverine livelihood zone, where 55 percent of planted area was destroyed.[1]. When a person's immune system is weak, it becomes more susceptible to diseases that can be fatal. 15, 2020 , 1:45 PM. In Marsabit, for example, retaliatory attacks in response to cattle rustling in parts of North Horr sub-county recently led to temporary closures of markets and primary schools and displaced about 150 households. Based on recent funds committed by donor governments and the Kenyan government, aerial and ground control measures are expected to continue to mitigate the impact of desert locust on crop and livestock production, though efforts will likely be limited by insecurity in areas along the Kenya-Somali border. In contrast, beans production ranged from 25 to 38 percent below average on the county level. ; In the Caribbean and the Latin America side, there are roughly discovered 39 million people to be hungry. Given that favorable rangeland resources will most likely support good livestock body conditions, most households are expected to limit livestock sales in order to restock their herds, and quarantines may be imposed in response to RVF outbreaks which will further restrict market supply, livestock prices are expected to be sustained at moderately to significantly above average prices throughout the scenario period. Households that are currently in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) due to the impact of the floods are expected to regain access to labor income or gifts in the context of more widespread community recovery, but given low to no livestock holdings, these households will likely continue to experience food consumption gaps through the lean season and will be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). In rain-fed marginal agricultural areas, specifically, short rains production of maize, cowpea, and green grams generally performed better than previously expected. These households have had their assets progressively eroded by drought and floods and have few to no livestock holdings, while they and other households also remain particularly vulnerable to other shocks such as high staple food prices and insecurity. Many recount similar stories of suffering. The lowest acute malnutrition prevalence was observed in Saku and Moyale sub counties in Marsabit at ‘Alert’ (GAM MUAC <5 percent) levels. In February, the retail maize price in key urban and rural reference markets reached up to 33 percent above the five-year average while wholesale bean prices reached up to 40 percent above the five-year average. Health is a key component in the response to famine. The organization estimates that, across the 46 countries it monitors, 113 million people will need humanitarian food aid in 2020. The recent short rains harvests provided own-produced food stocks, resulting in a good seasonal food availability in the month of February even in areas that harvested below-average maize stocks. Desert locusts are present in 21 counties of Kenya, but the impact on food security has been localized and limited to date. Interannual assistance in the form of cash transfers amounting to KES 2,700 per month by NDMA’s Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP), funded by DFID, is expected to reach about 100,000 households (600,000 beneficiaries) in Mandera, Turkana, Marsabit, and Wajir counties. NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — The United Nations humanitarian office is releasing $100 million in emergency funding to seven countries at risk of famine in Africa and the Middle East amid conflict and the COVID-19 pandemic, while the humanitarian chief says returning to a world where famines are common would be “obscene.”. In addition to improved productivity, adequate availability of rangeland resources has led to generally lower levels of resource-based conflict in pastoral areas. Veterinary department interventions have also proven instrumental to limiting livestock disease outbreaks and maintaining livestock health. Cumulative rainfall was 140-350 percent of the 1981-2010 average across the country, leading to large-scale floods that caused landslides, contaminated the water supply, caused crop and livestock losses, and destroyed critical health, irrigation, road, and social infrastructure (Figure 1). However, atypical pasture losses and associated migration is likely in localized areas of Mandera, Wajir, and Garissa, where insecurity will limit desert locust control operations. Acute food insecurity among poor urban households remains high, as COVID-19 restrictions such as the extended curfew and reduced business operating hours continue to impede labor opportunities and access to income. Improved livestock productivity and high terms of trade are most likely to prevent most households from experiencing food consumption gaps throughout the lean season. My Favorite Picture of 2020. Even without war, the large locust damage had already put many of those farmers on a path towards famine if no food aid would reach them in time. The U.N said the money will target the most vulnerable, especially women, girls and people with disabilities. A return to a world where famines are commonplace would be “obscene in a world where there is more than enough food for everyone,” U.N. humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock said. Northwestern Pastoral, Northern Pastoral, Northeastern Pastoral, Southeastern Pastoral, Mandera Riverine, and Tana Riverine livelihood zones were the worst-affected areas, where damage to roads and bridges suspended market functioning and many households endured livestock losses or crop losses. 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