One source of hay is ryegrass (Lolium spp.). Provide a constant supply of good quality fresh grass and grass hay. It has a shallow root system and cannot tolerate drought well, notes Anderson Hay & Grain. Timothy, Orchard Grass, Wheat and Rye According to the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service, the most popular grass hay choices for horses are Timothy and orchard grass. Clover — The Graff’s in Illinois planted a mixture of various types of hay including clover. The HayRabbit Difference . According to the Mississippi State Cooperative Extension Service, bahiagrass grows easily, producing large quantities of hay, but its feed quality is not as beneficial as that of bermudagrass. Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (grass and legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). Crabgrass--the bane of gardeners trying to maintain an attractive lawn and perennial beds--has the potential for the highest protein rating of any of the hay grasses, according to the Oklahoma State University Extension. Fine fescue is actually a grouping of various fescue species of grasses such as chewings fescue, hard fescue, red fescue, and sheep fescue. Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) spreads mainly by rhizomes (underground stems) and stolons (horizontal aboveground stems). Inflorescences . Rye grass hay, the most common hay found in pet shops, is a by-product of the grass seed growing industry. Hay also has regional variations. Tall Fescue — The University of Georgia has some good info on Tall Fescue Hay consists of grasses, and sometimes other types of plants, that are dried and used for livestock feed and other applications. Due to … There are three types of ryegrass predominant in hay production. Switchgrass – a perennial native grass that is a bunchgrass. Haylage is conserved cut grass, baled with a higher water content than hay, and then wrapped. There are three forms of seed heads (Figure 9, below): panicle (branching), spike (unbranched, with uniformly spaced spikelets) and spike-like panicle (unbranched, with uniformly spaced spikelets). Orchard grass can be used for fresh pasture or dry hay, and many horses prefer its sweet taste. Hay is dried forage vegetation used as feed for horses, cattle and other livestock during the winter months when green pasture is not available. Ligule types. Let’s take a deeper look at each of these two types of Bermuda grass varieties below! There are a wide variety of different hay types – each with its own benefits (a few even have drawbacks) for your animals. Let’s take a look at grass hay and the different varieties available. This grass tolerates a wide range of soil types and soil pH values, making it adapted to most of the southern U.S. Bermudagrass provides good nutrition for cows during the … However, grass hay is very high in fiber. There are three types of ryegrass predominant in hay production. Most lawns are a mixture of different grass types. Alfalfa. Oat — The Graff’s mixture also included oats! Your feed store may carry a mixture of alfalfa and orchard grass, or a mixture of timothy and orchard grass. hay/grass. In this article, I’ll be discussing all of these different kinds of hay, their compositions, and the effect they will have on your horse’s diet. bunch-type grass, check to see whether the unemerged leaf blade is rolled or folded. Commercially, grasses are grown in large fields and cut with machines that can do anything from cut to bale the hay. Hay from grasses contains less calorie (energy) and a lower protein amount, usually 6% to 10%. Hay grasses vary in different regions of the country. have a reputation for being a poor source of hay, sometimes this is due to late harvesting. Hay is made from grass, legumes or cereal crops that have been mowed, cured and baled. Best Horse Breeds for Beginners Not all hay is … Cereal Grain includes oat and barley. Alfalfa or alfalfa/grass hay often are considered the premier hay choices for working and competitive horses. University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension: Ryegrass Types for Pasture and Hay, University of Missouri Extension: Tall Fescue, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension: Dactylis glomerata. Timothy is a European native grass transplanted by early colonial settlers and it has now become ubiquitous in American fields and roadsides. According to the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service, the most popular grass hay choices for horses are Timothy and orchard grass. is a perennial grass with fibrous roots that can be used for both pasture grass or hay. Hay is dried forage vegetation used as feed for horses, cattle and other livestock during the winter months when green pasture is not available. Orchard grass (Dactylis spp.) Hay grasses vary in different regions of the country. Stems. Hay is dried forage vegetation used as feed for horses, cattle and other livestock during the winter months when green pasture is not available. It can be mixed with other types of grass that are compatible with cool seasons if you are looking for it to become diverse and live longer. Ryegrass needs consistent moisture and will not grow well if there is a lack of water, notes the University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension. It is considered a high-quality hay and is suitable for most types of livestock. According to the Mississippi State Cooperative Extension Service, bahiagrass grows easily, producing large quantities of hay, but its feed quality is not as beneficial as that of bermudagrass. Popular types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, centipede grass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue lawn grass. Bermudagrass produces a nutritionally superior hay under hot, moist southern growing conditions, but may require additional management such as weed treatment. Timothy grass (Phleum pratense), hardy in USDA zones 2 through 8, is another common source of hay. Meadow hay has a better spread of other minerals and trace elements than single grass hays. It is also recommended for use as a cover crop when establishing new seedings of pasture. With lawns, timing is everything. Varieties include 'Icon' (Dactylis 'Icon'), 'Megabite' (Dactylis 'Megabite'), 'Mammoth' (Dactylis 'Mammoth') and 'Tekapo' (Dactylis 'Tekapo'). 2. Grass Hay can be timothy, orchard grass or other types of grass or broom grass. Several varieties are available, including 'Clair,' which matures earlier, is more disease resistant, and yields more than 'Mohawk' and 'Timfor.'. Always consult your vet or an equine nutritionist before you decide which hays to feed your horse, as their results can vary widely from breed to breed. Types of Grass • Oat Grass • Wheat Grass • Barley Hay • Bromegrass • Bemudagrass • Barn Dried Hay / Dried Grass Oat, wheat and barley are all types … Do You Rake the Grass After You Cut With a Sickle Mower? That could lead to urinary stones and cause your guinea pig to get fat. Grass hays include bromes, fescues, orchard grass, rye grass, wheat grass, timothy, coastal Bermuda or Bluegrass. Bermudagrass and bahiagrass are two common hay grasses grown in the southern United States. The types of grasses that grow well in Texas depend on the part of the state and the season of the year. She holds a B.A. More primitive methods are still used for small lots or by farms without access to machinery. It contains lower levels of carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and minerals than legume hay. The flowering stems of grasses are usually hollow and are either round or flat (Figure 8, below). All Rights Reserved. HayRabbit hay's and grass' are all-natural and have NO additives. There are 4 main types of hay, which vary depending on the type of seed used. Using this guide Before you plant Before purchasing grass seeds, you may want to consult the grass management and descriptions section of this book. There are several varieties, and each varies in the amount of grazing tolerance, disease resistance and time of maturity. • Use fertilizer. Any of these types of hay will provide an excellent base or foundation for your rabbit's diet. Using seed species ensures you get better establishment and a healthier looking lawn. Timothy. Grass hay is exactly what it sounds like – a short leafy plant – while legumes are members of the pea family. Depending on the species, fescues are hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Like everything in life not all things are created equal. Sorghum and Sorghum x Sudan hybrids – annuals which should not be used to produce hay for horses as they can cause cyanide and nitrate poisoning. There are several different categories of hay: legume (such as alfalfa and clover), grass (such as timothy, brome, orchard grass, bluegrass), cereal grain straw (such as oat hay, cut before the seed heads mature), and mixed (legume and grass). This type of grass is considered to not be too aggressive nor retiring, which means that it does not die out quickly nor does it grow fast. Types of Hay. Some homeowners lay straw or hay on top of new seeds to keep them in place, but you can also try coconut fiber, which holds moisture in place to nourish seeds. • Layer on top. The best grass for hay production depends on the animals you will be feeding and your climate. forage types and species used for hay production. Crabgrass--the bane of gardeners trying to maintain an attractive lawn and perennial beds--has the potential for the highest protein rating of any of the hay grasses, according to the Oklahoma State University Extension. Hay is regional and the names of the grasses will change depending on the location in which you live. It grows in USDA zones 4 through 8, notes North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Annual ryegrass is the grass of choice for frost seeding to improve pasture quality because it establishes rapidly, yields better than other ryegrass types through summer, and has the highest yields in the seeding year. Types of inflorescence. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. It's hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10. Grass hays have the best balance between calcium and phosphorous of all the forages. The differences between grass and hay are minor but if misunderstood, could affect your rabbit’s health. It is better to grow most grasses in direct sunlight than shade for a stronger root, but there are exceptions. (See Johnsongrass.) Commonly used plants for hay include mixtures of grasses such as ryegrass (Lolium species), timothy, brome, fescue, Bermuda grass, orchard grass, and other species, depending on region. Bluestem is a native prairie grass more often grown for erosion control than for hay, but the Oklahoma Extension advises that it has moderate nutritional potential if properly managed. It is more shade tolerant than other grasses used for hay, but grows well in full sunlight. Hay may also include legumes , such as alfalfa (lucerne) and clovers ( red , white and subterranean ). Grass hays should be the main component in rabbit, chinchilla and guinea pig diets. While the Oklahoma Extension lists fescue as having a moderate forage nutritional profile, the Kentucky Cooperative Extension advises against using it as a feed hay, as a symbiotic fungus within the fescue has a negative effect on some animals. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Mississippi State University Cooperative Extension Service: Mississppi Forages. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Grass hays like our Timothy have a high fiber content and are low in protein and calcium. It is one of the most common hays fed to horses. In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are … Timothy hay (Timothy grass) is a foraging grass that grows well in cool climates. A freelance writer since 1978 and attorney since 1981, Cindy Hill has won awards for articles on organic agriculture and wild foods, and has published widely in the areas of law, public policy, local foods and gardening. Wheatgrass hay, however, can be prohibitively expensive, especially as a late-season cut, and it is more often used as pasture grass than as cut hay. For best quality, hay should be cut just as flowers begin to emerge. Difference Between Zoysia Grass & Crabgrass, Effects of LV 400 2, 4-D Weed Killer on Horses, University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Hay tends to be harvested between the end of May and end of July. Hay can be broken down into two main categories: grass (e.g. hay image by dinostock from Fotolia.com. Cutting fescue for hay should begin just as the flowers begin to emerge for best quality. Hay has a higher fiber percentage than green leafy fresh grasses, and this fiber is required to keep their digestive tracts moving and it’s the best to keep their teeth from overgrowing. TYPES OF HAY. These grasses are cut and stacked by hand, dried and stored. Different Types of Bermuda Grass There exist two broad categorizations of Bermuda grass: Hybrid Bermuda and Bermuda Common. Types of Hay Grass. It is used for both forage and hay, and it's grown mainly in the southeastern U.S. Rhodes, Teff, Lucerne, Meadow or Oaten? Not only is fescue used for hay production, but also for summer grazing and turf and erosion control. Due to current drought conditions in parts of Australia, access to ANY hay type is important for most horses (except metabolic horses which high sugar + starch hay needs to be avoided). The type of hay you feed the horses in your barn depends on a number of factors, including geographic location, price and the horse’s nutritional needs. The Kentucky Extension also states that horses are likely to waste considerably more fescue hay than other types of hay. Fescue is the most common lawn grass in the United States, and it is also grown for hay in some regions. Considered too low in quality for dairy cows, fescues are fed mostly to beef cattle and sheep, notes the University of Missouri Extension. It's a perennial grass suitable for growing areas in high altitudes and cooler climates, and grows well in the northeastern U.S. Usually considered a premium hay, it's often fed to horses rather than cows or sheep. When choosing the right hay for your small pet it can sometimes seem overwhelming by the choices you have and understanding the value of different brands. Some of the most common kinds of hay are timothy hay, bermudagrass hay, oat hay, alfalfa hay, and clover and grass hay. Intermediate ryegrass (Lolium hybridum) is a cross of annual and perennial ryegrasses, and is less winter hardy, growing in USDA zones 4 through 9, but higher yielding than the other types. from Vermont Law School. Most hay consists of either legume crops, like alfalfa or clover, grasses, or a combination of both legumes and grasses. 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