The characteristics of each climate zone vary according to the features of the land where that climate zone is present. The different vegetation zones in Nigeria is greatly influenced by the varying climatic conditions across the country. From simplest maps to the most detailed vector maps -------------------------------- Illustrator, Freehand & Eps Files Editable - Layer Structured Worldwide delivery via email Copyright Netmaps®, 1997-15, Illustrator & Eps Formats Fully Editable files Royalty free rights Largest worldwide database Delivery 24 X 7. The rest of the year is hot and dry with temperatures climbing as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) . The equatorial zone develops between 8 ° … The Tropical continental airmass (CT) from the Sahara Desert in the northern part of west Africa, is weakened due to the overheating of the land surface in west Africa and Nigeria at this time. (Image courtesy of the UK Meteorological Office) The classification is based on maximum and minimum temperatures and the temperature range as well as the total and seasonal distribution of precipitation. Nigeria is found in the Tropics, where the climate is seasonally damp and very humid. Research Article Analysis of Global Solar Irradiance over Climatic Zones in Nigeria for Solar Energy Applications AdekunleAyodotunOsinowo, 1 EmmanuelChilekwuOkogbue, 2 StephenBunmiOgungbenro, 2 andOlugbengaFashanu 3 Department of Marine Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, PMB , Akure , Nigeria border countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km: Coastline: 0 km (landlocked) Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north: Elevation extremes: lowest point: Niger River 200 m highest point: Mont Bagzane 2,022 m This airmass dominates Nigeria's climate during the dry season from December to March. World's continents, historical maps, world spoken languages, physical map and satellite images. West to East zonation patterns in Nigeria is characterized by the clear transition between one belt and another. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Potiskum, Yobe State in the northeast of Nigeria recorded Nigeria’s lowest ever temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F). Convectional currents are easily set up within the airmass whenever there is little instability in the airmass as a result of a slight to a very high orographic uplift in mountainous regions like the obudu plateau or the heating of the land which can trigger the formation of cumulonimbus cloud leading to thunderstorms within the airmass. The particu- lar parameters used in the definition focus attention on the climatic and edaphic requirements of crops and on the management systems under which the crops are grown. The seasonal pattern of climatic conditions over Nigeria gives rise to four seasons in the south and two in the north. The Easterly wave or the African easterly waves is another major contributor of rainfall during the summer monsoons months of May to September in Nigeria. Highlands in these region attain an average height of more than 1,524 m (5,000 ft) to some standing above 2,000 metres (6,562 ft) above sea level. This low pressure zone attracts the Tropical Maritime Airmass (MT) from the south Atlantic Ocean since areas of low pressures experiences inward blowing winds because winds are moving air blowing outwards from regions of high pressure to regions of low pressure. A climate map shows information about the climate of an area. Our maps can be delivered in any version of Adobe Illustrator (from 5.5 to latest versions CS) or Macromedia (from 8.0 to MX). This study presents the analysis of rainfall and temperature across the climatic zones in Nigeria. This territory extends to the internal coastal zones and the valleys of the rivers Benue and Niger. Sometimes climate types are called climate zones. introduction. It usually consists of a conventional map overlaid with colors representing climate zones. You just need to choose your option below. A more sophisticated approach has been followed by Sunset which defines Climate Zone Maps based not only on hardiness or heat tolerance, but also on precipitations, wind, humidity and various other climate related factors. Jpg file is delivered. [9] Nigeria's northern end is south of the 15 degrees line at about 14 degrees. Climatic zones in West Africa This dataset shows the extent of six climatic zones for West Africa.It is not intended for local studies but only for regional comparison. A map is a graphic representation of a feature on the earth’s surface. The temperature difference of Warri town is not more than 2 °C (5 °F). Many Sunni Muslims are members of Sufi brotherhoods. This shift begins from February and ends in June, when the sun is fully overhead, at the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. In the middle of the dry season around December, a dusty wind from the Sahara Desert called the Harmattan enters Nigeria from the northeastern part of the country blocking sun rays partially from shining and also creating haze in the atmosphere, this activities of the wind lowers temperatures considerably saving inhabitants for sometime, from the scorching heat that would have occurred as a result of clearer skies during the dry season. The southern Atlantic coast is bordered by mangrove forests and swamps. Nigeria climate map. The coastal area in the Mangrove – These are summarised on the map below. The Arid Zone Continents and Regions: Africa - Asia - Europe - Middle East - North America - Oceania - South America. The world has several climatic zones. Figure 1 presents the map of Africa and the boundary OMOTOSHO ET AL. Once a map is paid we will send you our vector map: -- via direct email and -- a copy via Wetransfer Delivery is usual in minutes from your order, but it can takes some hours in weekend. In our maps you can see different climates in the country. km has a physical setting which arises from an amalgam of factors relating to location, geology, climate as well as the intensity of resources exploitation in the area. A poster to display in the classroom when locating the different climates of the world. Its invasion is as a result of the northward retreat, of the tropical continental airmass (CT) known as the harmattan. Add. 1910–1939, 1940–1969 and 1970–1999. Remote Sensing and Vegetation Mapping ... with high resolution are better adapted to large scale map production. Illustrator EPS vector maps 2020, Congo Democratic Republic Vector EPS maps, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMXKi01vRQw. [12] Plains rise to the north of the valleys. Payments: Our website uses cutting-edge data encryption, fraud detection tools and all kinds of other advanced techniques to improve security. Climate change in Ghana will have wide-reaching impacts on the country.Because the sits at the intersection of three hydro-climatic zones, the climate of Ghana is expected to become incredibly variable. This is an illustration of the climate zones within the United States. This transfer of heat in the Tropical continental airmass (CT) in turn, causes the wind to expand and become lighter as this is the normal behaviour for winds moving above intensely heated grounds. Results and Discussions 3.1 Rainfall Onset Dates (ROD). Nigeria climate map. Nigeria's seasons are determined by rainfall with rainy season and dry season being the major seasons in Nigeria. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. The dust haze creates an almost desert conditions in the country during the dominance of the Tropical continental airmass (the harmattan). Vector Climate Map. Favorable zones for the formation of such a soil are the coasts, flooded places and deltas. Nigeria, like the rest of West Africa and other tropical lands, has only two seasons. This climate, the tropical savanna climate exhibits a well marked rainy season and a dry season with a single peak known as the summer maximum due to its distance from the equator. Data were collected for 90 years (1910–1999) period for all the weather observation stations in Nigeria, while a subdivision was made to three (3) non-overlapping climate period of 30 years i.e. The Niger Delta is located in the southern part of Nigeria. But with the withdrawal of this wind around March to April following the onset of the rainy season, temperatures can go as high as 44 °C (111.2 °F) in some parts of Nigeria.[11]. The highlands climate zone is characterized by weather that differs from the surrounding area because of … Climate Types: The climate of Nigeria differs throughout three different regions of the country. All our maps can be modified easily with your vector software. The classification is based on maximum and minimum temperatures and the temperature range as well as the total and seasonal distribution of precipitation. Based on a 20-year baseline climate observation, it is forecasted that maize and other cereal crop yields will reduce by 7% by 2050. Hence, this study investigates change detection in rainfall pattern over each climatic zone of Nigeria. These storms are usually convectional in nature due to the regions proximity, to the equatorial belt. When shopping for new plants for your garden landscape, the terms “plant hardiness zones,” “growing zones” and “planting zones” may at first seem a bit confusing. 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