Porosity of a soil can be easily changed. External factors are those factors present in the environment that affect the growth of the plants directly or indirectly. There are some plants that cannot adapt easily to a new condition. According to the Oregon State University Extension Service, light, water, temperature, and available nutrients are the four things that affect plant growth the most. The other nutrients that the plant needs are found in the soil. Plants are close to being 90 percent water, which makes them more dependent on it than humans. Environmental factors can either allow plants to thrive, or leave them unable to grow and die. Free. When planting a flower bed or a vegetable garden it is important to understand what plants need to grow. Soil: Soil with proper humidity, and the right balance of all the minerals and nutrients is one of the essential factors instrumental in plant growth. 1 OUR GROUP MEMBERS Shahana Parvin Prova-623 Shahorima Jannati-633 Nabonita Shobnom-645 Md. The type of soil and the quality and the nutrients required in it vary according to the plant species. Keep this in mind when choosing what plant species to place on your lawn. 2. economical way to estimate the amount of nitrogen (N) available for plant growth. These will add the missing nutrients to the soil as well as provide new nutrients for the plants. For example, plants born in tropical areas develop adaptation techniques to maximise as much light as they can get. The important factors affecting the growth of plants include: Temperature: Growth is accelerated with the increase in temperature. For example, hydroponics is a soil-less method that utilises nutrient-rich water as plant boosters. Warmer temperatures generally trigger chemical reactions like respiration and photosynthesis. Just as the birth of new people increases the population size, deaths decrease it. Environmental factors play an important role in the growth and development of any plant. Auxins play a … If you’re building an indoor garden, you will have more flexibility on what plants you want to grow. For optimum growth of the plant, the existence of approximately equal amount of macro and micro-pores which influence aeration, permeability, drainage and water retention favorably. However, you need to consider their particular growing conditions by matching them with artificial means. Plant growth is based on many different variables. However, plants cannot grow if they are not given the proper nutrients. During the spring the amount of light that is available starts to increase as does the intensity. (i) It includes bacteria, fungi, earthworm, rodent, termite, etc. Avoid These 4 Common Errors that Hydroponic Growers Make. Most vegetable gardens should be provided with an inch of water each week. It is important to learn as much as you can about these four factors so that you can plant your garden accordingly to achieve a lush and healthy garden. Copyright 2020 - Web Design By Stephensons IT Support Solutions Ltd, Call 0114 243 6020 or email paul@moonshineglobal.com. Aminul Islam-673 Jibon Barman-681 Mir Mobashira Tabassum-2276 Course Title: Biogeography Course no. Factors That Affect Regular Plant Growth Can Also Be Applied To Crop Growth. Some seasonal plants won’t grow unless they have the right lighting conditions to stimulate their dormancy. If you want to have a healthy garden you could spend months researching all of the plant growth factors. ADVERTISEMENTS: Growth in plants depends on various internal and external factors. If you are interested to resale ECOGardener or ECOHomeware products, please complete the Wholesale Application Form and a team member will contact you. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Although we learn from school that plants need water, sunlight and soil, the more accurate set of growth factors are light, water, nutrients and temperature. Just like people, plants that do not have a healthy diet of the nutrients they need will be affected and less likely to produce desired results. (A) Rainfall and Other Atmospheric Precipitations: However, the most important thing to keep in mind that if you are practicing sound gardening techniques you are going to produce healthy plants. Although we learn from school that plants need water, sunlight and soil, the more accurate set of growth factors are light, water, nutrients and temperature. Plant growth regulators are usually produced in the growing tissue. ), mountain ranges and bodies of water. 011. Several factors including type of cutting, culture medium, type and concentration of growth regulators were investigated. Growing your plant will require you to have a better understanding of its four growth factors. Environmental factors that affect plant growth include light, temperature, water, humidity, and nutrition. Of these climatic factors each one individually contributes to the general and overall effect of climate by influencing the life processes of plants which constitute the vegetation. There are 2 categories of soil nutrients needed to improve plant growth, micronutrients and macronutrients. For example: The type of crop – one examples is that different crops have different growing season lengths like wheat for example which is 90 days. A warmer temperature will actually trigger a chemical reaction inside the cells of a plant and this will speed up respiration, transpiration, and the photosynthesis process. Even plants that live in the desert such as the cactus need water, they just need less of it than other types of plants. Please note, comments must be approved before they are published, If you are interested to resale ECOGardener or ECOHomeware products, please complete the Wholesale Application Form and a team member will contact you. Carbohydrate/Nitrogen ratio determine the type of growth in plant development. The important climatic factors of a region are rainfall, atmospheric humidity, wind, temperature, and light. It is often said there are 5 main factors that directly affect plant growth and a plant’s hormones (positively and negatively) – Light (sunlight), temperature, water, humidity and nutrients. Created: Jul 26, 2009 | Updated: Jul 16, 2020. The macronutrients that plants need include: Micronutrients that plants need include iron, copper, as well as several other elements. Without the appropriate amounts of water, plants will be stressed and eventually die. The effect of sound on plants [Exp] 021. ... Factors affecting growth and Sporulation of plants. There are certain nutrients that plants need in order to grow. What Are the 4 Factors That Affect Good Plant Growth? From season to season light varies in intensity. All of the macro and micronutrients need to be present in order for plants to grow. In addition, beneficial microbial communities are found in larger quantities when the associated plants are healthier. Plant of the same species compete for limited resources such as moisture, nutrients, air and light. There are 4 main factors that can affect the growth of your plants. It influences all aspects of physical appearance such as height, weight, body structure, the colour of the eye, the texture of the hair, and even intelligence and aptitudes. Having a better understanding of these four factors will ensure that your plant grows lush and green. Explain how the various abiotic factors may affect plants - KCSE Biology Essays . EXTERNAL FACTORS AFFECTING PLANT GROWTH . They are elements of climate. Light: Light intensity, duration of light and the quality of light influences many physiological processes occurring in a plant. Temperature, amount of sunlight and pH of soil are all factors that can affect the growth and development of a plant. There are 4 main factors that can affect the growth of your plants. Diseases and conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, obesity, etc., can also be passed through genes, thereby affecting the growth and development of the chil… Topographyis a nonliving factor that refers to the “lay of the land.” It includes the physical features of the earth such as the land elevation, slope, terrain (flat, rolling, hilly, etc. Regardless of the habitat in which a plant is growing, it is continuously subjected to the variability’s of a complex set of environmental factors. Loading... Save for later. 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