The Red Cross and the following NGOs were active in the areas visited: Médecins sans Frontières (MsF Netherlands) and Star of Hope (Sweden). 70. Population: 41 million, 167,000 sq. They are the most vulnerable people and completely exposed to the sun, wind, cold and rain. 72. 24. 3. The last peak level was 22.52 meters, which was recorded in 1998, when severe floods hit China. The floods caused severe damage to critical facilities such as health clinics, schools, water supply, and other infrastructure such as roads, bridges and irrigation systems as well as industrial facilities. Curated pages dedicated to humanitarian themes and specific humanitarian crises. In response to a request from the Government of the People's Republic of China on August 27, 1998, a four-person United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team was dispatched on September 7, by OCHA in Geneva, to assist in the assessment of the situation and the immediate needs of the flood victims. In the southeastern Fujian province, flood killed 50 people, the provincial government spokesman said. These low cost items are all available in the province. A small number of tents donated by the governments of Japan, the Netherlands and Norway were the only evidence of international assistance. Stay at Nanchang for the night, 08:00-11:00 - Briefing by Jiangxi provincial authority Donors are requested to assist the provincial governments with the construction of emergency housing and provision of building materials for house repairs. The mission visited dykes and flooded lands, as well as camps with displaced victims of the floods. 31 million people affected, 1.7 million people homeless, of which 1 million on dykes The United Nations appeal should contain an allocation for immediate rehabilitation of schools, so that pupils can move out from tents on the dykes as it gets colder in winter. 51. 7. With the flood water still receding it will not be possible to assess the area of arable land for cultivation next year before mid October. Due to the differences in disaster context, disaster phase, as well as the complexity of the two assessments, the mission report contains two separate field reports. 86. In fact the unaffected areas will have a very good harvest. 89. Heavy rains are putting the Yangtze River at risk of repeating the devastating floods of 1998 which left more than 4,000 people dead and 14 million homeless. 29. On Thursday, Chinese authorities said the flooding, which raised water levels at the Three Gorges Dam and inundated cities like Chongqing in August, was the most serious disaster since 1998. During the first week of August new rains in central Hubei and Hunan provinces … 67. Terje Skavdal, UNDAC In some cases whole villages have been swept away. Three percent of the people on the embankments were hospitalized due to dehydration. The provinces have been asked by the UN assessment team to identify these counties and to produce a prioritized list of emergency requirements for each county. In the camps, the mission members had free and extensive access to interview individual victims at random and to review the situation and the most urgent needs. The following are terms of reference for the UNDAC mission to China, 8 - 24 September 1998. 41. Epidemiological surveillance is extremely important in any disaster situation, but especially where the expected morbidity is very difficult to predict. The dam has come under new scrutiny after devastating flooding over the past few weeks. Five million people have been made homeless in these three provinces. In the south, along the Yangtze river basin, 2.9 million people, who sought refuge on dykes up to two months ago, survive in overcrowded, insufficient shelters under deteriorating sanitary and health conditions. 74. 26. 75. This final phase of the emergency operation must be completed before winter. 98. The extensive flooding in Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces has displaced more than one million people and in one place flooded 8000 sq. Population: 64.3 million, 212,000 sq. Some of the affected areas visited by the mission had been hit by disasters earlier this year (snow storms, typhoons) compounding the effects of the floods. 47. 83. The pattern of the flooding indicated the need for river authorities to co-ordinate all aspects of flood control across provincial boundaries. This paper examines the main causes ofthe 1998 flood on the Yangtze and addresses a numberof issues related to the exploitation of naturalresources and counter-measures to the flood hazard.The records show that both the amount of precipitationover the catchment and the floodwater discharge … Provincial authorities stated that the 1998 disaster was worse than the one in 1954. 27. In addition to rice, the lowland area along the Yangtze River, its tributaries and lakes also produces significant quantities of fish, cotton, wheat, oilseeds, potatoes and vegetables. Learn more about ReliefWeb, leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996. Find help on how to use the site, read terms and conditions, view the FAQs and API documentation. 57. United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team (UNDAC) 3. focuses on on-site and cross-sectoral support of emergency information and response coordination, in accordance with established UNDAC field coordination guidelines. At the local level there are townships, administrative villages and hamlets. 13:00-17:00 - Briefing by Hunan provincial authority Those areas unaffected by the flood have had a good harvest. In nine days, the mission travelled over 1,300 km by bus, at times on diversion roads and in poor conditions due to the flooding. It put the number of dead at three and evacuations at more than 15,000. In the worst circumstances where dams had burst or flash flooding had occurred, entire houses and their contents have been washed away. Now that the floodwater is receding by 10cm a day, the fight against the floodwater has been replaced by a struggle to protect the vulnerable population against the severe winter weather. The mission focused on immediate relief needs of the most vulnerable populations at risk. There is a clear need to improve the living conditions of the flood victims, especially the most vulnerable homeless victims living on the unprotected dykes with insufficient shelter. 84. However in the coming months, it is essential that a reliable and effective monitoring system be set up. 5. The floods created lakes of more than 8000 sq. However, the day to day management is in the hands of the vice-magistrate. In the disaster situation a lack of sufficient vehicles was observed which are essential for securing transport of medicines, vaccines and medical personnel. The team observed that in several camps, the authorities had put up lists in central locations, with information on relief materials received and distributed. The number of beds occupied in hospitals in Anxiang county, Hunan Province, increased from 800 before the floods to 13,000 immediately after the floods (currently 3,000). Our gratitude also goes to all agency participants in the mission for their active and effective cooperation. Drone video of China floods. 2 and 3), with six large floods in: 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1998… 39. 43. Donations reported to OCHA by Government donors and through the Red Cross amounted to US $ 15 million as of September 29, 1998, for China as a whole. Emergency supplies (winter clothing, fuel and quilts) have not yet been delivered to all those in need. As autumn and winter approach, the flood victims on the dykes are totally exposed to the wind, rain and the cold weather. A large number of flood victims do not have adequate shelter. A significant number of water treatment plants have been damaged. Figs. 42. Often the standard of water and sanitation provided by the local government for the temporary housing was superior to that found in the unaffected villages. 4. 61. 15 million farmers lost their crops. Some one million People's Liberation Army personnel and others (farmers, villagers and the police) were deployed to fight flood waters. In the first 3 days of the evacuation, ready-made food was provided. B. Their massive mobilization reduced sufferings and the loss of human lives. Although, maize and sorghum are the main crops in the region, livestock and fish farms are important not only to the rural economy but in ensuring that the population have a balanced diet. Medical teams have been sent both from the Red Cross and the Government from within and outside the province to assist. Gilbert Greenall, UNDAC 15. 2. Many of the counties in these two provinces were designated "poverty stricken" by the national or provincial government prior to the floods. 103. This will ensure that future flooding does not pose a threat to the population and will allow the maximum cultivation of low-lying farmland. 66. Emergency temporary housing/building materials (before the winter) To increase the agricultural capacity, artificial embankments were constructed and water was pumped out of lakes and rivers, thus creating new agricultural lands. 14:00 - Briefing at Ministry of Civil Affairs, Route: Beijing-Hubei-Jiangxi-Hunan-Beijing The Epidemic Prevention Stations will be responsible for implementing this activity. At this time it will be possible to assess the impact of the floods on next year's harvest. The number of homeless would have been much reduced if more houses had been made of brick. The winter weather can be very severe and traditionally the maize stalks are used for fuel. Disaster features: sudden breaking of dykes in this area where most of the land was reclaimed from the Dongting lake (in essence, most of the communities are "islands" surrounded by dykes), 108 out of a total of 122 counties affected of which Anxiang county most affected (310,000 people on dykes in this county alone). The central and southern parts of the country along the banks of the Yangtze river and its tributaries were battered by more than 60 days of heavy flooding. Towards the end of July torrential rains lashed central China causing the first serious flood. Participants: Fabrizio Gentiloni (UNDAC team leader), Eva Johansson (UNDAC), Edward Hoekstra (WHO China), Kevin Kamp (FAO China), Xie Hongyi (WFP China), Guo Ruixiang (UNDP China), Li Baojun (Ministry of Civil Affairs, MCA), Cong Feijun (MCA Interpreter), 08:00-12:00 - Briefing by Hubei provincial authority on disaster and relief work 44. The death toll exceeds … 56. Nutrition is currently not a major health problem. Recommended emergency relief items include; medicines (in particular antibiotics and ORS); pesticides such as Rodenticide (Stratagem) to eliminate the rodents and insects; bleach powder and chlorine for purification of contaminated water; vehicles to transport medical teams and basic medical supplies, while maintaining the cold chain. Evolving emergency requirements should also continue to be assessed and appeals made, as necessary. Thousands of livestock were swept away or drowned in the floods. Hubei Province 34. Farmers need seeds and fertilizers for the immediate fall/winter cropping system. 22. At no point throughout the field trip did the United Nations assessment team observe more than 400 displaced people living together. Stay at Changde for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Travel to Changsha by bus (200km) In July - August, extensive flooding also occurred in the north-east, along the Songhuajiang, Nenjiang and other rivers. Despite the scale of the disaster, the planning and implementation of the emergency programme by provincial government has been hugely impressive. 85. The Chinese government attributed the 1998 floods to uncharacteristically heavy rains, as well as rampant deforestation and high population density along the Yangtze and its tributaries. With the approaching winter season, these crops cannot be replanted until next spring having a negative impact on both food and income for farm families affected by the flood for the next 10 months. 6 July 2016. Therefore, rodenticides (Stratagem) and pesticides (such as Fendona) will be necessary to control the situation and prevent outbreaks such as plague, haemorrhagic fever and malaria. The dykes are unprotected, with narrow banks only a few meters wide with water on both sides, and the people are totally exposed to the sun, wind, cold and rain. It is the protection of the flood victims against the winter weather, which is now central to the relief operation. Members of the UNDAC/inter-agency mission: c. restoration of essential services The Government reportedly provided more than US$ 229 million. It is crucial that international assistance to the flood victims in China be substantially increased, so that the conditions of the displaced people on dykes can be alleviated and their rehabilitation efforts facilitated. 13:00-18:00 - Travel by bus to Yongxiu County, Jiangxi Province (270km) Due to destruction of forests in the formally heavily forested mountains, it is reported that silt from erosion also continues to raise the bottoms of the rivers each year. At this level the people themselves were active in repairing their houses and building emergency shelters with remains of collapsed buildings. There has been a consistent request for the following items: 1. Yichang City, Hubei Province, China, July 2. With the participation of WHO, WFP, FAO and UNDP, two joint UNDAC/ United Nations inter-agency field assessment missions were carried out from September 8 to 16 to three of the worst affected provinces in the Yangtze river basin in the south of China: Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi; and two of the worst affected provinces in the north of China, Heilongjiang and Jilin. Over 2.9 million flood victims are living in insufficient shelter on the dykes along the Yangtze river basin. Liu Xuerong, WFP, China Latest humanitarian reports, maps and infographics and full document archive. The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Team ensures close links between country-level and international relief coordination efforts following sudden-onset disasters. The emergency is now in a critical phase, with prolonged emergency conditions that increase the vulnerability of the flood victims, while they strive to initiate rehabilitation efforts. These images were acquired during the floods in China at the station of Ulan Bator (Mongolia). In Jiangxi province, the mission visited a village that had been devastated by a sudden mountain flash flood. The problem in both provinces will be the financial mechanism by which food surplus in the unaffected areas can be distributed to the flood victims. Is China staring at a … 58. The Secretary General in the province has the responsibility to organize the disaster relief work, but the daily responsibility belongs to the disaster relief coordinator within the Office of Civil Affairs. Appropriate medicines can be supplied adequately from manufacturers in China. The image is superimposed and uses a semi-transparent layer which highlights the river in light blue. According to Chinese government officials, the disaster was also due, in part, to rampant deforestation, causing serious soil erosion, and, in turn, silting. The summer heat wave with temperatures up to +39 degrees centigrade, heavy rains and winds, have aggravated their situation. In certain years, like 1998 and 2016, the rains turn severe. According to governmental estimates, 223 million people - one fifth of China's population were affected, 3,004 people died and 15 million were made homeless. by the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team (UNDAC)/, Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses, II. Afternoon - Travel to Zhenlai County (about three hours by bus) The coming colder season will however pose a problem since the tents will provide no warmth. On the basis of data provided by the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Beijing, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Geneva issued, from early June to September 19, nine situation reports to inform the international community and to mobilize international assistance. FIELD REPORT FROM THE YANGTZE RIVER BASIN IN THE SOUTH (HUBEI, JIANGXI AND HUNAN) SEPTEMBER 8 - 16, 1998. 101. There will now be no harvest until August 1999. V. Means of delivering international assistance. 63. In the medium term improvement in this area should be a priority. China, July 1998 - Seasonal summer rains have devastated vast areas of China this year, killing more than 2,000 people, destroying 2.9 million houses and ruining more than 9 million hectares of crops. They are also asked to fund priority items drawn up by the counties. It will take another month for the flood water to recede. 65. 46. The Ministry is responsible for the overall mobilization of national resources, and is also playing a role in the coordination of international aid. The majority of the population live in houses constructed of clay. During the first week of August new rains in central Hubei and Hunan provinces pushed water levels of the Yangtze to a third peak and cut power supplies to Hubei's provincial capital Wuhan where water levels have risen to 1.25 meters above danger level. 107. FAO should consider dispatching a team of experts to China to assess the medium-term needs of farmers. 91. Plans were also underway to replace livestock and poultry through the provision of 80 million chickens and ducks, one million pigs and enough vegetable seeds for 200,000 hectares. Supplementary food for vulnerable groups is also recommended. There is evidence from the Red Cross that the situation in the Province of Inner Mongolia, although affecting a smaller population, has received much less attention than the other two northern provinces. The mission recommends that schools, especially primary schools, are repaired and re-equipped. 68. 104. 99. Stay at Yangxin County for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit to Yangxin County by boat The first frost is seen by the end of October and mid winter temperatures are as low as minus 30C. The UNDAC Team wishes to thank warmly the United Nations Resident Coordinator and her staff for their support. The scale of the disaster was immense. However, many government grain stores have been flooded and in some counties with 60% of the cultivated land under water, the harvest has been ruined. The UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission recommends that appropriate institutions of the United Nations system should undertake a comprehensive assessment of rehabilitation and reconstruction needs when the water recedes. In the counties the magistrate is responsible for organizing the disaster relief work. The timing of the flooding in southern China, therefore, could not have been worse from an agricultural standpoint. 1998 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1998th year of the Common Era (CE) and ... Yangtze River Floods: in China the Yangtze river breaks through the main bank; before this, from August 1–5, peripheral levees collapsed consecutively in Jiayu County Baizhou Bay. 81. Multiple studies also suggest that global warming is likely increasing the intensity of the monsoon in … County administration is complex, some of them reporting directly to the provinces, others to a city of prefecture level. Medicines, in particular antibiotics, are undoubtedly needed on an urgent basis. The farmlands surrounding the Yangtze river and associated tributaries and lakes are protected by thousands of kilometres of dykes. Official government statistics indicate that in the two provinces more than 9 million people were affected and approximately one million were made homeless. Once the emergency is over, the government has a plan to strengthen the national dyke system. 13:00 18:00 - Travel to Tailai County of Heilongjiang Province The government has stressed that the villages must be rebuilt on the higher ground. Routine childhood vaccinations were not administered in any of the visited mobile health clinics. Of the homeless, 2.9 million are lodged in makeshift shelters on dykes in the flooded areas. 13:00 - 18:00 - Field visit to Daan City (one and a half hours bus trip) 14:00- 18:00 - Travel to Harbin and briefing with provincial authority Ma Huiyan, UNDP, China 11:30 - Meeting with Ms. Leitner, Resident Representative, UNDP The deluge was not unexpected. China; Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia (France) Guam (USA) Hong Kong SAR (China) Japan; Kiribati; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Macao SAR (China) Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of; Mongolia; Nauru; New Caledonia (France) New Zealand; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands (USA) Palau; … It assists in meeting international needs for early and qualified information on the situation and, when necessary, in the coordination of international relief at the site of the emergency. The Chinese government has consistently showed that there is an urgent need to establish essential services for the affected population before the onset of winter. The Chinese Government has experience in dealing with floods, but not on this scale and for such an extended period. In the areas visited no cases of cholera, typhoid, measles, meningitis, tetanus, plague, and schistosomiasis have been diagnosed. The mission noted a lack of vehicles for the transport of temperature-sensitive medicines and vaccines (cold chain) and the medical teams. There was only a very limited presence of international assistance in the field. 55. A mega-flood in 1998 caused tremendous losses in China and triggered major policy adjustments in floodrisk management. km, capital Nanchang. With the crops destroyed, this is no longer available. The Three Gorges dam is discharging flood. Coal for heating and cooking However, in Jingzhou county, Hubei Province (a county not visited by the team because of logistic reasons), 513 cases of schistosomiasis (an increase of 6%) were reported by the county epidemic prevention director. Along the dykes and in the relocation camps, medical clinics were well organized to provide free health care. The government stated that each person would get 0.5 kg rice in the future, but that the food would not be free of charge. This is now urgently needed and must be provided within the next six weeks. July 26, 1996 Web posted at: 2:30 p.m. EDT (1830 GMT) (CNN) -- About 1,500 people have died in floods that are sweeping across vast areas of central and southern China. This system of local government has been shown to be highly effective during this disaster. However, many government food stores have been flooded, increasing an already uneven distribution of food availability across the region. Only wheat, oilseeds and potatoes were spared by the floods as they are typically planted in the winter season. FIELD REPORT FROM THE YANGTZE RIVER BASIN IN THE SOUTH (HUBEI, HUNAN, JIANGXI), C. FIELD REPORT FROM THE NORTH-EAST (JILIN, HEILONGJIANG), UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Prediction of posttraumatic stress disorder among adults in flood district, One of the world's most famous rivers, the Yangtze, set for pioneering flood reduction plan, Novel approach to managing floods on People's Republic of China's Yellow River, China receives $360 Million for two loans for flood protection and urban environment. When on mission in China, September 1998, the UNDAC Team: 1. assists and works under the Authority of the United Nations Resident coordinator; 2. participates in the work of the United Nations Disaster management Team (DMT) in country, in support of the relief efforts of the country affected as well as those of the international humanitarian community; UNDMT members will accompany in the field visits (Northeast and South). On the day of arrival, the UNDAC mission was briefed in Beijing by the United Nations Resident Coordinator, the United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) and the Chinese Ministry of Civil Affairs. The north-east is a major food producing region. km to a depth of 2 metres. More than 200,000 persons were injured with thousands hospitalized. However, at the level of hamlets local officials admitted that they had little control. Indeed, after a strong El Niño in 1998, similar floods struck the Yangtze River Basin, causing $44 billion in damage and 3,656 deaths. Large numbers of livestock were destroyed along with the fish farms. 45. 108. The rising waters drove 500,000 people from their homes by the beginning of August. 13:00-18:00 - Travel by bus to Pai Zhou and field visit to Pai Zhou (by boat, 70km) Unless this water is removed before the end of October it will freeze and there is a risk that planting will be delayed. 16. Food assistance from the international community is recommended. II. Depending on the local severity and nature of the impact of the floods, housing has been damaged in a number of ways. The standard of water and sanitation for the displaced were often superior to those in unaffected villages. List of alerts, ongoing and past disasters covered by ReliefWeb. About 70 % of the future food need has to be borrowed, 10% is projected to be donated and the remaining 20% will come from free relief food, provided only for the most vulnerable people. There were two types of destruction of the standing crops. medicines, in particular antibiotics and oral re-hydration salts, initial rehabilitation of health centres and schools. Stay at Longjiang County for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit to Jingxing township, Longjiang County in the two provinces which have a population of 63 million. It is recorded that up to ten million people had initially been evacuated from flooded areas. 93. 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